Chapter 22 - Anticonvulsants, Antiparkinsonian Drugs, And Agents For Alzheimer's Disease Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Chapter 22 - Anticonvulsants, Antiparkinsonian Drugs, And Agents For Alzheimer's Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 22 - Anticonvulsants, Antiparkinsonian Drugs, And Agents For Alzheimer's Disease Deck (20)
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Absence seizure

(P. 419 and 583)

Absence of convulsions characterized by a sudden pain 10-30 second loss of consciousness with no falling; formerly called "petit mall".


Alzheimer's disease

(P. 432 and 583)

Dementia characterized by a devastating, progressive decline in cognitive function, followed by increasingly severe impairment in social and occupational functioning.



(P. 428 and 584)

Drugs that block the action of the parasympathetic nervous system.



(P. 416 and 584)

medications used to reduce the number or severity of seizures in patients with epilepsy.


Antiepileptic Drug Therapy (AED)

(P. 421 and 584)

Medical therapy aimed at treating and/or reducing seizure activity.


Antiparkinsonian Drugs

(P. 424-429, and 584)

Medications used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease to relieve symptoms and maintain mobility but that do not cure the disease.


Drug-induced Parkinsonism (DIP)

(P. 425 and 587)

the inducement of Parkinson-like symptoms because of Drug Administration.



(P. 416 and 588)

A recurrent paroxysmal disorder of brain function characterized by sudden attacks of altered consciousness, motor activity, or sensory impairment.


Febrile seizures

(P. 419 and 588)

Seizures associated with high temperatures.


Mixed seizure

(P. 419 and 591)

Having more than one type of seizure.


Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

(P. 425 and 591)

Characterized by delirium, rigid muscles, fever, and autonomic nervous system instability.


Parkinson's disease

(P. 424 and 592)

A chronic neurological disorder characterized by fine, slowly spreading muscle Tremors, rigidity and weakness of muscles, and shuffling gait.


Partial seizures

(P. 417, 419 and 592)

Also known as focal seizures. The onset is limited to one area of the brain.

• A partial seizure may be preceded by a subjective but recognizable sensation (an aura) that a seizure is going to occur.

• also known as psychomotor epilepsy or temporal lobe seizures.


Primary generalized seizure

(P. 417 and 593)

A classification of seizures in which widespread electrical discharges occur in the brain, involving both sides of the brain.


Psychomotor epilepsy

(P. 419 and 593)

Also known as temporal lobe epilepsy or focal seizures because of the area in the brain that is involved; characterized by temporary impairment of consciousness, confusion, loss of judgment, and abnormal acts, even crimes and hallucinations, but no convulsions.

• also known as partial seizures or temporal lobe seizures.


Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

(P. 431 and 593)

A condition marked by an intolerable creeping sensation or itching in the lower extremities, causing almost irresistible urge to move the legs.


Status epilepticus

(P. 419 and 594)

Continual attacks of convulsive seizures without intervals of consciousness.


Tonic-clonic seizures

(P. 418 and 595)

Seizures characterized by an Abrupt loss of consciousness and falling, with tonic extension of trunk and extremities.


Unilateral seizures

(P. 419 and 595)

Seizures that affect only one side of the body.


Temporal lobe seizures

(P. 419)

• also known as psychomotor epilepsy or partial seizures.