Chapter 2 - Drug Names And References Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Drug Names And References Deck (17)
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1

Trade Names

(P. 15; 595)

Names by which pharmaceutical company identifies it products; Brand names.

☆ Also, as proprietary or brand name since owned by company.

a. The name by which a pharmaceutical identifies its product.

b. Copyrighted and used exclusively by that company.

c. distinguished from the generic name by- Capitalized first letter.

d. Often shown on labels and references with the symbol R (encircled) after the name (for "registered trademark").

2

Chemical Name

(P. 15)

a. The exact molecular formula of the drug

b. Usually a long, very difficult name to pronounce

c. Of little concern to the healthcare professional

3

Official Name

(P. 15; 591)

Name of the drug as it appears in the official reference, the USP/NF; generally the same as the generic drug.

a. Name of the drug as it appears in the official reference, the USP/NF.

b. Generally, the same as the generic name.

4

Generic Names

(P. 15; 588)

General, common or non-proprietary names of drugs.

a. Common or general name assigned to the drug by the US Adopted Name ( USAN) Council.

b. Differentiated from the trade name by initial lowercase letter.

c. Never capitalized.

5

Pharmacology

(P. 13)

The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms.

• we need to know why drugs are given, how they work and what effects to expect.

6

Adverse Reactions

(P. 20; 583)

(ADRs)

Unintended side effects from the medication such as a cough, headache, nausea and so on.

7

Side Effects

(P. 20; 594)

Unpleasant or dangerous secondary effects of medications.

8

Tall Man Lettering

(P. 18; 594)

A method of writing drugs names to help differentiate between look-alike and sound-alike drugs.

Example: CeleXA and CeleBREX

9

Interactions

(P. 20)

A list of other drugs or foods that may alter the effect of the drug and usually should not be given during the same course of therapy.

Example: MAO Inhibitors Will intensify the effects of Benadryl.

10

Drug References

(P. 20; 21)

▪Physicians Desk Reference (PDR) (for Physicians, nurses, consumers):
• incomplete with regard to OTC drugs
• contains only those drugs manufactured pay to have Incorporated
• photos

▪United States Pharmacopeia and the National Formulary USP/NF:

•provides information on and standards for chemical and biological drug substances, dosage forms, and compounded preparations, medical devices, and dietary supplements.
• geared for laboratory in manufacturing use
• no easily identified nursing implications
• no photographs of drugs
• can be confusing to use

• AHFS Drug Information (American Health System Formulary Service):
• distributed to practicing Physicians; single paperback Volume, includes mobile drug reference and handbook to injectable drugs
• some parts for example, "Chemical Information" and "Drug Stability" not necessary for the health care professional
• no photographs of drugs
• good, concise information; easy to read
• arranged by classifications, with a general statement about each classification at the beginning of each section.
• off-label drugs indications are listed (not FDA approved).

11

Cautions

(P. 19)

A list of conditions or take the pieces that weren't closer observation for specific side effects when given the drug.

Example: do to atropine-like activity, Benadryl must be used cautiously with patients who have a history of bronchial asthma or glaucoma, or with older adults.

12

Indications

(P. 19)

A list of medical conditions or diseases for which the drug is meant to be used.

Example: Benadryl indications include allergic rhinitis, mild allergic skin reactions, motion sickness, and Mild cases of Parkinsonism.

13

Legend Drug

(P. 18)

Prescription drug; determined unsafe for OTC purchase because of possible harmful side effects if taken indiscriminately; includes birth control pills, antibiotics, cardiac drugs and hormones.

☆ because it requires a legend or warning statement that says "Federal Law Prohibits dispensing without a prescription"

14

Contraindications

(P. 19)

A list of conditions for which the drug should not be given.

Example: two common contraindications for Benadryl are breastfeeding and hypersensitivity.

15

Actions

(P. 19)

A description of the cellular changes that occur as a result of the drug. This information tends to be technical, describing cellular and tissue changes.

Example: as an antihistamine, Benadryl appears to compete with histamine for cell receptor sites on effector cells.

16

Classifications

(P. 14)

10 broad category for drugs that affect the body in similar ways:

1. Lipid-lowering agents
2. Antidepressants
3. Narcotic analgesics
4. Beta Blockers
5. Antihypertensives
6. Diuretics
7. Antidiabetics
8. Antibiotics
9. Proton Pump Inhibitors
10. Anticoagulants

17

Prototype

(P. 14)

A model example, a drug that typifies the characteristics of that classification.