Chapter 12 - Skin Medications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Skin Medications Deck (20)
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1

What is the largest organ of the body?

(P. 191

The skin.

2

Antipruritics

(P. 192)

Are used short term to relieve discomfort from dermatitis (rashes) associated with allergic reactions, poison ivy, times, and insect bites.

3

Corticosteroids

(P. 193)

Are used both topically and systemically to treat dermatological disorders associated with allergic reactions.

4

Emollients and protect ants

(P. 194)

Are used topically to soothe, soften, protect, and seal out wetness in minor dermatological conditions, such as diaper rash, irritation, abrasions, and minor burns.

5

Keratolytic

(P. 194)

Agents, for example salicylic acid, are used to control conditions of abnormal scaling of the skin, such as dandruff, seborrhea, and psoriasis, or to promote peeling of the skin in conditions such as acne, hard corns, calluses, and warts.

6

Enzyme Preparation Collagenase (Santyl)

(P. 195)

Is a topical enzyme ointment used for the chemical debridement (removal of dead or damaged tissue) of dermal ulcers and burn.

• should be used only on wounds associated with necrotic material.

7

Scabies

(P. 196)

Is caused by an idiot might that burrows under the skin.

8

Pediculosis

(P. 197)

Is caused by infestation of lice on the hairs of the scalp, pubic area, and trunk.

9

The oral antiparasitic agent Ivermectin (Stromectol)

(P. 197)

Have been used successfully as in alternative (off-labels) to treat mass scabies outbreaks an institutional setting and to treat head lice resistant to standard therapies.

10

Antifungals

(P. 198)

For example, Nystatin, are useful in the treatment of fungal infections (Candidiasis), such as thrush, diaper rash, and vaginitis.

11

Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)

(P. 198)

Is used to treat fungal infections such as athlete's foot, body ringworm, and jock itch.

12

Antiviral agent

(P. 200 and 584)

Medications used to treat viruses, for example HIV and herpes.

13

Mupirocin (Bactroban)

(P. 201)

Is an antibiotic that is structurally unrelated to any other topical or systemic antibiotics. Mupirocin ointment used topically to treat impetigo caused by staphylococcus aureus and certain species of streptococci.

14

Antiseptics

(P. 202)

Are substances that inhibit the growth of bacteria (bacteriostatic).

15

When is chlorhexidine used?

(P. 202)

Prior to surgery, skin cleansing with chlorhexidine is preferred because of lower rates of surgical site infections compared to povidone-iodine.

• Need to thoroughly rinse to avoid dermatitis and irritation.

16

Acne

(P. 206)

Is a common condition of the skin that affects almost everyone to some degree during the teenage years and even some people into adulthood. Acne is most commonly seen on the face, scalp, neck, chest, back, and shoulders.

17

patient with mild acne may choose from several non prescription topical medications:

(P. 206)

Such as sulfur, salicylic acid, and benzoyl peroxide.

18

Mupirocin nasal ointment is applied intranasally to reduce the risk of infection in patients....

(P. 201)

with high risk during institutional outbreaks of MRSA (methicillin-resistant strands of S. aureus).

19

Bactericidal

(P. 585)

Destroying bacteria.

20

Bacteriostatic

(P. 585)

Inhibiting or retarding bacterial growth.