UNIT 3 The biological basic of behavior Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UNIT 3 The biological basic of behavior Deck (34)
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1

What is an axon

neuron extension that passes through its branches to other neurons or to muscles or glands

2

neuron

here cell; the basic building block of the nervous system

3

What are neurotransmitters?

chemical messengers

4

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Acetylcholine (ACh)?

enables muscle action, learning and memory

5

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Dopamine?

influences movement, learning, attention, and emotion

6

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Serotonin?

affects mood, hunger, sleep, and arousal

7

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Norepinephrine?

helps control alertness and arousal

8

What is the function of the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma amino butyric acid)?

a major inhibitory neurotransmitter

9

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Glutamate?

a major excitatory neurotransmitter; involved in memory

10

endorphins?

chemicals

11

What is the central nervous system?

brain and spinal chord

12

Pituitary gland?

releases growth hormones that deal with growth and contractions associated with birthing, milk flow during nursing, and orgasm

13

Adrenal glands?

when think of what they do think of adrenaline

14

what is the autonomic nervous system?

controls our glands and the muscles of our internal organs, influencing things such as heartbeat and digestion

15

what is the somatic nervous system?

enables voluntary control of our skeletal muscles

16

what is the Sympathetic nervous system?

arouses and expands energy, if we get startled makes us sweet and our heart rate get faster

17

Parasympathetic nervous system?

opposite effects of sympathetic nervous system. this calms us

18
Reversed Cards

neuron extension that passes through its branches to other neurons or to muscles or glands

What is an axon

19
Reversed Cards

here cell; the basic building block of the nervous system

neuron

20
Reversed Cards

chemical messengers

What are neurotransmitters?

21
Reversed Cards

enables muscle action, learning and memory

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Acetylcholine (ACh)?

22
Reversed Cards

influences movement, learning, attention, and emotion

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Dopamine?

23
Reversed Cards

affects mood, hunger, sleep, and arousal

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Serotonin?

24
Reversed Cards

helps control alertness and arousal

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Norepinephrine?

25
Reversed Cards

a major inhibitory neurotransmitter

What is the function of the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma amino butyric acid)?

26
Reversed Cards

a major excitatory neurotransmitter; involved in memory

What is the function of the neurotransmitter Glutamate?

27
Reversed Cards

chemicals

endorphins?

28
Reversed Cards

brain and spinal chord

What is the central nervous system?

29
Reversed Cards

releases growth hormones that deal with growth and contractions associated with birthing, milk flow during nursing, and orgasm

Pituitary gland?

30
Reversed Cards

when think of what they do think of adrenaline

Adrenal glands?