Flashcards in Grace's Unit 3: Biological Bases Of Behavior Deck (63)
Multiple sclerosis is a result of degeneration in the:
Junita does not feel like getting out of bed, has lost her appetite, and feels tired for most of the day. Which of the following neurotransmitters likely is in short supply for Junita?
Which neurotransmitters inhibits CNS activity in order to calm a person down during stressful situations?
Phrenology has been discredited, but which of the following ideas has its origins in phrenology?
Brain function localization
When there is a negative charge inside an axon and a positive charge outside it, the neuron is:
said to have a resting potential
Morphine elevates mood and eases pain, and is most similar to which of the following?
Neurotransmitters cross the ________ to carry information to the next neuron.
What neurotransmitters are most likely in undersupply in someone who is depressed?
Serotonin and norepinephrine
Which of the following carries the information necessary to activate withdrawal of the hand from a hot object?
Hormones are the _______ released into the ________.
chemical messengers; bloodstream
Which division of the nervous system produces the startle response?
Which of the following endocrine glands may explain unusually tall height in a 12-year-old (Joe)?
Which of the following communicates with the pituitary, which in turn controls the endocrine system?
Which branch of the nervous system calms a person?
Epinephrine and norepinephrine increase energy and are released by the:
Interneurons are said to:
Transmit and process information within the brain and spinal cord
Computer-enhanced X-rays used to create brain images are known as:
computed tomography scans
What part of the brain triggers the release of adrenaline to boost heart rate when you're afraid?
A gymnast falls and hits her head on the floor. She attempts to continue practicing, but has trouble maintaining balance. What part of her brain has probably been affected?
Which of the following scanning techniques measures glucose consumption as an indicator of brain activity?
Which of the following is sometimes referred to as the brain's train hub, because it directs incoming sensory messages (with the exception of smell) to their proper places in the brain?
Which of the following brain areas is responsible for regulating thirst?
The hypothalamus is a(n) ______ center for the brain.
Which of the following's primary function is processing memories?
Damage to which of the following could interfere with the ability to plan for the future?
In general, damage to the ______ disrupts speaking, while damage to the ______ disrupts understanding of language.
Broca's Area; Wernicke's Area
Stimulation at a point on which of the following may cause a person to report being touched on the knee?
George can move his hand to sign a document because the ______, located in the _______ love of the brain, allows him to activate the proper muscles.
motor cortex; frontal
The most noticeable difference between human brains and other mammalian brains is the size of the: