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Flashcards in learning test Deck (150)
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1

Cognition

mental activities associated with thinking

2

concept

mental groupings of similar objects, events, ideas, and people

3

prototype

mental image or best example of a category

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creativity

the ability to produce ideas that are both novel and valuable

5

convergent thinking

narrows the available problem solutions to determine the single best solution

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divergent thinking

creative thinking that diverges in different solutions

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what are the 5 components of creativity

expertise, imaginative thinking skills, venturesome personality, intrinsic motivation, a creative environment

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what is expertise

well-developed base of knowledge

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what are imaginative thinking skills

a person who seeks new experiences, tolerates ambiguity and risk, and preservers in overcoming obstacles

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what are imaginative thinking skillls

they provide the ability to see things in novel ways, to recognize patterns, and to make connections

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what is intrinsic motivation

being driven more by interest, satisfaction, and challenge that by external pressures

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what does a creative environment do?

spark, supports, and refines creative ideas

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Algorithms

step by step procedures that guarantee a solution

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Heuristics?

simpler thinking strategies

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Insight

a sudden realization of a problem's solution; contrasts with strategy based solutions

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confirmation bias

idea that we more eagerly seek out and favor evidence verifying our ideas than evidence refuting them

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mental set

our tendency to approach a problem with the mind set of has worked of use previously

18

intuition

our fast, automatic, unreasoned feelings and thoughts

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representativeness heuristic

judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well tjeu seem to represent or match particular prototypes

20

avaliability hueristic

when we estimate the likelihood of events based on how mentally available they are for example when we win at a casino lights flash making it memorable

21

overconfidence

tendency to overestimate the accuracy of our knowledge and judgements

22

belief perseverance

clinging to their belief even though they have been riven wrong

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framing

the way we present an issue, sways our decisions and judgments

24

learning

process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors

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habituates

an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated pressure to it

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associative learning

when you link two events together

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classical conditioning

we learn to associate two things and then to anticipate an event

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operant conditioning

when we learn to associate a response (our behavior) and its consequence

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cognitive learning

acquisition of mental information, whether by observing events, by watching there, or through language

30

behaviorism

the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes.