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science of behavior and mental processes



anything and organism does


mental processes

the internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior


What is the behavioral perspective and what does it study?

how we learn observable responses, try to figure out what might trigger for example anger, how do we learn to fear particular objects or situations


What is the Biological perspective and what does it study?

how the body and brain enable emotions, memories and sensory experiences. study how physical is connected with mental such as how do pin messages travel from hand to brain


What is the Cognitive perspective and what does it study?

how we process, store, and retrieve information, study how our interpretation of a situation affects our ganger and how our anger affects our thoughts. How do we use information in remembering? Reasoning? And solving problems?


What is the Evolutionary perspective and what does it study?

how the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival of genes. how does evolution influence behavior tendencies


What is the Humanistic perspective and what does it study?

how we meet our needs for love and acceptance and achieve self-fulfillment. how can we work toward fulfilling our potential and how can we overcome barriers to our personal growth


What is the psychodynamic perspective and what does it study?

how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts. How can someones personality traits and disorders be explained by unfulfilled wishes and childhood traumas?


What is the Social cultural perspective and what does it study ?

how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures.


what do biological psychologists do?

expire the links between brain and mind


what do cognate psychologists study

experiment how we perceive, think, and solve problems


what do social psychologists do?

explore how we view and affect one another


what is the hindsight bias?

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that you couldve predicted it


critical thinking?

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions


What does theory do?

explains behaviors or events by offering ideas that organize what we have observed


What is a hypostheses?

testable prediction


What is operational definitions?

carefully worded statement of the exact procedures used in a research study


what does the First step in a good theory do?

effectively organizes a range of set reports and observations


what does the second step in a good theory do?

leds to a clear hypothesis that anyone can use the check the theory


what does the third step in a good theory do?

often stimulates research that leads to a revised theory which better organizes and predicts why we know


what are the 3 ways to test our hypothesis and refine our theories?

descriptive mthods, correlational method, and experimental methods


what is the descriptive method used to test hypothesis and refine theories?

this method describes behaviors, often by using case studies, surveys, or naturalistic observations


How is the correlational method used to test hypothesis and refine theories?

they associate different factors, or variables


what is the experimental method used to test hypothesis and refine theories?

this method manipulates variables to discover effects


case study?

a technique in which a person or a group of people are studied closely to see if they can find some universal principles


naturalistic observation?

observing and recording what happens


sampling bias?

a flawed sampling process that produces and unrepresentative sample


What is correlation?

a connection between two or more things


correlation coefficent?

help us figure how closely two things very together, and thus how well either one predicts the other