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Flashcards in development test or the 4th test Deck (177)
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1

developmental psychology

examines our physical, cognitive, and social development cross the life span

2

what are the three things developmental psychology focus on

nature and nurture, continuity and stages, and stability and change

3

what is nature vs nature in developmental psychology

how does our genetic make up interact with our experiences to influence our development

4

what is continuity and stages in developmental psychology

what parts develop when like age

5

what is stability and chafe in developmental psychology

which of our traits persist through life? How do we chafe as we age?

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zygote

fertilized egg, 2 week change into embryo

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embryo

zygote's inner cell. developing human from 2 weeks to two months

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placenta

life-link that transfers nutrients and oxygen from mother to embryo

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fetus

developing human from 9 weeks after conception to birth

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teratogens

agents such as viruses and drugs, can damage an embryo or fetus

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Fetal alcohol syndrome

physical and mental abnormalities in children caused by women's heavy drinking

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habituation

decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation

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maturation

the orderly sequence of biological growth - decrees many of our commonalities

14

Cognitive development

all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

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schemas

concepts or mental molds into which we pour our experiences

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assimilate

interpret our new experiences in terms of our current understanding (schemas)

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accomodate

adapting our current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information

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Sensorimotor stage

birth to nearly age 2, babies take in the world through their senses and action, looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, and grasping

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object permanece

the awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived. like if you hide a toy and infant will look for it temporarily

20

Preoperational Stage

stage from age 2 to 6 or 7 during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic

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conservation

the principle that quantity remains the same despite changes in shape. like when the same water is poured into a bigger glass they think there is more

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egocentrism

the pre operational child's difficulty taking another's point of view

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theory of mind

people's ideas about their own and other's mental states, about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts, and the behaviors these might predict

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concrete operational stage

ages 6 or 7 to about 11, where children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about cornet events

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formal operational stage

stage begins at age 12, where people begin to think logically about abstract concepts

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stranger anxiety

fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months

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attachment

an emotional tie with another person; seen in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation

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critical period

an optimal period when certain events must take place to facilitate proper development

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imprinting

the process by which certain animals form strong attachments during an early life critical period

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temperament

a person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity