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Flashcards in Personality test Deck (144)
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1

Free association

method of exploring unconscious in which the patients relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matte dhow embarrassing or trivial

2

Psychoanalysis

Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. ex. if you accidentally say something inappropriate he would say you deep down are thinking about it and its in your brain without you knowing.

3

unconscious

reservoir of mostly unacceptable, thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. information processing in which we are unaware

4

ID

unconscious psychic energy that constantly strives to satisfy basic drives to survive, reproduce, and aggress

5

what basic principle does the ID operate on?

pleasure principle. wants to please us

6

EGO

mediates between ID, superego, and reality.

7

what basic principle does the EGO operate on and what is that principles purpose?

reality principle. serves to satisfy the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain

8

Superego

the voice of moral compass (conscience) that forces the ego to consider not only the real but the ideal

9

what does the superego do?

provide standards for judgments

10

what are the five psychosexual stages?

oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital

11

What is the oral stage

pleasure centers on the mouth - ex. sucking, biting, and chewing

12

what is the anal stage

pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control

13

what is the phallic stage?

pleasure zone to genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings

14

What is the lately stage?

phase of dormant sexual feelings

15

what is the genital stage?

maturation of sexual interests

16

what is the Oedipus complex?

a boy's sexual desires towards is mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father

17

identification?

the process by which, according to freud, children in cooperate their parent's values into their developing superegos

18

fixation?

any point in the five stages, that strong conflict could lock the person's pleasure-seeking energies in that stage

19

what happens when you are fixated

freud said for example if you got stuck in the oral stage you will smoke or eat excessively.

20

Defense Mechanisms?

tactics that reduce or redirect anxiety by distorting reality

21

Repression?

banishes anxiety-arousing wishes and feelings and thoughts from consciousness

22

Collective Unconscious?

a common reservoir of images, or archetypes, derived from our species' universal experiences

23

Psychodynamic theories?

modern-day approaches that view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the importance of childhood experiences

24

Collective unconscious

a common reservoir of images, or archetypes, derived from our species' universal experiences

25

Projective Test?

personality test that provides an ambiguous signal and then has the patient describe it or tell a story about it

26

what is an example of the projective test

Rorschach

27

what is a projective test supposed to see?

the inner dynamics of a patient

28

Thematic Apperception Test?

a test where a person sees an ambiguous picture and then makes up a story about it

29

Rorschach inkblot Test

set of 10 inkblots that seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots

30

what is the most widely used projective test?

Rorschach inkblot Test