a syndrome marked by a "clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior"
what is ADHD?
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of on ore more of three key symptoms
what are the three key symptoms they look for in ADHD
extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
What doe ADHD stand for?
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorder, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured
in the medical model where is the disease mostly treated,o or cured?
psychologica disorder characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
What is general anxiety disorder?
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in state of autonomic nervous system arousal
Panic disorder? `
an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror
what might a patient feel in a panic disorder?
chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations. Often followed by worry over a possible next attack
What are phobias?
anxiety disorder in which an irrational fear causes the person to avoid some object, activity, or situation.
what is Social Anxiety disorder formerly called?
What is social anxiety disorder (textbook definition)?
intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of them.
what is social anxiety disorder essentially?
shyness taken to an extreme
fear or avoidance of situations in which escape might be difficult or help unavailable when panic strikes
What does OCD stand for?
What is OCD?
a disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
what is an example of OCD?
- checking to see if you locked your door 10 times. - washing your hands so much that your skin becomes raw
a disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety numbness of feeling, and/or insomnia
how long do your symptoms must last for it to be considered post traumatic stress?
symptoms that linger for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
what is an example of post traumatic growth?
after finding out you have cancer, you develop an increased appreciation for life, find more meaningful relationships, an increased personal strength, changed priorities, and a richer spiritual life
What is a Major Depressive disorder?
a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or another medical condition, two or more weeks with five or more symptoms. at least two of which must be either...
What is the two necessary symptoms for major depressive disorder?
1. depressed mood or 2. loss of interest or pleasure
What are some moods of major depressive disorder?
- insomnia or sleeping too much - physical agitation or lethargy - fatigue or loss of energy - problems in thinking, concentrating, or making decisions
mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
a mood disorder in which a persona alternates between hopelessness and lethargy of expression and the overexcited state of mania
What was bipolar disorder formerly called?
compulsive fretting; OVERTHINKING about our problems and their causes
a psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression