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Flashcards in ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Deck (90)
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1

Psychological disorder?

a syndrome marked by a "clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior"

2

what is ADHD?

a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of on ore more of three key symptoms

3

what are the three key symptoms they look for in ADHD

extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity

4

What doe ADHD stand for?

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

5

medical model?

the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorder, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured

6

in the medical model where is the disease mostly treated,o or cured?

a hospital

7

anxiety disorders?

psychologica disorder characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

8

What is general anxiety disorder?

an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in state of autonomic nervous system arousal

9

Panic disorder? `

an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror

10

what might a patient feel in a panic disorder?

chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations. Often followed by worry over a possible next attack

11

What are phobias?

anxiety disorder in which an irrational fear causes the person to avoid some object, activity, or situation.

12

what is Social Anxiety disorder formerly called?

social phobia

13

What is social anxiety disorder (textbook definition)?

intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of them.

14

what is social anxiety disorder essentially?

shyness taken to an extreme

15

Agoraphobia?

fear or avoidance of situations in which escape might be difficult or help unavailable when panic strikes

16

What does OCD stand for?

obsessive-compulsive disorder

17

What is OCD?

a disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)

18

what is an example of OCD?

- checking to see if you locked your door 10 times. - washing your hands so much that your skin becomes raw

19

Posttraumatic stress?

a disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety numbness of feeling, and/or insomnia

20

how long do your symptoms must last for it to be considered post traumatic stress?

symptoms that linger for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience

21

Posttraumatic growth?

positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises

22

what is an example of post traumatic growth?

after finding out you have cancer, you develop an increased appreciation for life, find more meaningful relationships, an increased personal strength, changed priorities, and a richer spiritual life

23

What is a Major Depressive disorder?

a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or another medical condition, two or more weeks with five or more symptoms. at least two of which must be either...

24

What is the two necessary symptoms for major depressive disorder?

1. depressed mood or 2. loss of interest or pleasure

25

What are some moods of major depressive disorder?

- insomnia or sleeping too much - physical agitation or lethargy - fatigue or loss of energy - problems in thinking, concentrating, or making decisions

26

Mania?

mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

27

Bipolar disorder?

a mood disorder in which a persona alternates between hopelessness and lethargy of expression and the overexcited state of mania

28

What was bipolar disorder formerly called?

manic-depressive disorder

29

rumination

compulsive fretting; OVERTHINKING about our problems and their causes

30

Schizophrenia

a psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression