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Flashcards in Midterm Vocab Deck (110)
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1

empiricism

the idea that what we know comes from experience, and that observation and experimentation enabled scientific knowledge

2

structuralism

early school of though promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind

3

functionalism

early school of though promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function-- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish

4

experimental psychology

the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method

5

behaviorism

the view that psychology 1.) should be an objective science that 2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with 1 but not 2

6

cognitive neuroscience

the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition

7

psychology

the science of behavior and mental processes

8

nature nurture issue

The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Todays science see them arising from the interaction of nature and nurture

9

natural selection

the principle that, among the range of inherited trial variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations

10

levels of analysis

The differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon

11

biopsychosocial approach

An integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels on analysis

12

behavioral psychology

how we learn observable responses

13

biological

How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences; how genes combine with environment to influence individual differences

14

cognitive

how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information

15

evolutionary

how the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival of genes

16

humanistic

ow we meet our needs for love acceptance and achieve self fulfillment

17

psychodynamic

how behavior spring from unconscious drives and conflicts

18

social culture

how behavior and thinking vary across situation and cultures

19

psychometrics

the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes and traits

20

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

21

developmental psychology

a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span

22

educational

the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning

23

personality

the study of an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feelings, and acting

24

social psychology

the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another

25

applied research

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

26

industrial organizational

the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

27

human factors

o And I/O psychology subfield that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use

28

counseling

o A branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage_ and in achieving greater well-being

29

clinical psychology

o A branch that studies assesses, and treats people that have psychological disorders

30

psychiatry

o A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy