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Flashcards in Organizational Culture Deck (16)
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1

A strong ______________________ has been linked to higher levels of job performance, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.

Organizational culture.

2

Several classification systems have been proposed for describing _________________.  One of the best known is _______________ (1993), which distinguishes between five dimensions.

  • National culture
  • Hofstede's

3

__________________ refers to the extent to which people accept an unequal distribution of power.

Power distance.

4

___________________ refers to the willingness or ability of people to tolerate ambiguity or uncertainty.

Uncertainty avoidance.

5

_________________ is the extent to which individuals or closely-knit social structures (e.g., famililies) are the basis of the social system.

Individualism.

6

_________________ refers to the value placed on assertiveness, independence, and competitiveness.

Masculinity.

7

___________________ is the extent to which people focus on the future versus the past and present.

Long-term orientation.

8

Schein (1992) distinguishes between ___ levels of organizational culture.

3.

9

Schein's first level is made up of _________________ and includes the company's dress code, stories and rituals, and annual reports.

Observable artifacts.

10

Schein's second level consists of _______________________, and includes the organization's norms, goals, and ideologies.

Espoused values and beliefs.

11

Schein's third (deepest) level is composed of _______________________, which are unconscious, taken-for-granted perceptions, beliefs, thoughts, and emotions.

Basic underlying assumptions.

12

According to Schein, one of the functions of organizational culture is to provide _____________ and ______________ and thereby reduce _____________ among organizational members that would otherwise be caused by their uncertainty about current and future events.

  • Stability
  • Meaning
  • Anxiety

13

Schein conceptualizes underlying assumptions as _____________________ that are "for the group what defense mechanisms are for the individual."

Cognitive defense mechanisms.

14

________________________ refers to "the extent to which the values held by specific individuals match those of the organizations culture.

Person-Organization (P-O) Fit.

15

A good P-O appears to have a _________ impact on employee productivity, but is _____________ with greater job satisfaction, motivation, and organizational commitment, lower levels of stress and turnover.

  • Small
  • Associated

16

A good P-O fit is achieved primarily through _____________ and ____________ processes.

  • Selection
  • Socialization