Nutritional Support Products, Vitamins, and Mineral Supplements Ch 33 Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Nutritional Support Products, Vitamins, and Mineral Supplements Ch 33 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutritional Support Products, Vitamins, and Mineral Supplements Ch 33 Deck (11)
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1

Chelating agents

drugs used to treat metal poisoning (e.g., from iron, lead, or mercury) that bind to the toxic metal, decrease binding of the metal within the body, and promote elimination of the metal

2

Electrolyte

electrically charged particles found in body fluids and cells (e.g., sodium or potassium ions)

3

Enteral nutrition

provision of fluid and nutrients to a functional gastrointestinal tract via a feeding tube in a patient who is unable to ingest enough fluid and food

4

fat-soluble vitamins

vitamins that are accumulated and stored in the body when taken in excess

5

Hyperkalemia

greater than normal amount of potassium in the blood

6

Malabsorption

impaired absorption of nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract

7

Megaloblastic anemia

anemia characterized by the presence in the blood of megaloblasts (large, abnormal blood cells); associated with vitamin B12 deficiency

8

Megavitamins

large dose of vitamins in excess of the recommended dietary allowance

9

Parenteral nutrition

intravenous provision of fluid and nutrients to a patient who is unable to ingest enough fluid and food due to a nonfunctional gastrointestinal tract

10

Water-soluble vitamins

vitamins that are not stored in the body and are rapidly eliminated

11

Hypokalemia

less than normal amount of potassium in the blood