Inflammation, Infection, and the use of Antimicrobial Agents Ch 13 E3 Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Inflammation, Infection, and the use of Antimicrobial Agents Ch 13 E3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inflammation, Infection, and the use of Antimicrobial Agents Ch 13 E3 Deck (21)
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1

Antibacterial

ability to kill bacteria or interfere with the ability of bacteria to grow and replicate

2

Antibiotic

drug that has the ability to kill or inhibit bacterial growth and replication

3

Antibiotic resistance

ability of certain bacteria to survive and multiply in the presence of antibiotics

4

Anti-infective

agent or substance with antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties

5

Anti-inflammatory agent

drug indicated when the inflammatory response is inappropriate, abnormal, or persistent, or destroys tissue

6

Antimicrobial agent

drug used to prevent or treat infections caused by pathogenic (disease-producing) microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites

7

Bacteria

single-celled microorganisms that do not have nuclei and reproduce by fission or splitting

8

Bactericidal

agent that kills bacteria

9

Bacteriostatic

agent that inhibits bacterial growth and replication

10

Broad spectrum

effective against a wide range of bacteria

11

Colonization

presence and growth of microorganisms on host tissues

12

Community-acquired infection

infection caused by microorganisms that originated in a setting outside of a health care facility

13

Detection of antigens

technique to identify pathogens that uses features of culture and serology but reduces the time required for diagnosis

14

Fungi

plant-like microorganisms that live as parasites on living tissue or as saprophytes on decaying organic matter

15

Inflammation

immunological response to allergy, infection, or injury that increases the migration of leukocytes and blood flow to assist in repairing tissues

16

Nosocomial infection

infection acquired from microorganisms in hospitals and other health care facilities

17

Opportunistic

microorganisms in normal flora that become pathogenic under conditions that are favorable for their (over)growth

18

Penicillin-binding proteins

proteins in bacteria that serve as target sites for penicillin to bind

19

Serology

method of identifying infectious agents by measuring the antibody level (titer) in the serum of an infected host

20

Susceptibility

vulnerability of the bacteria to an antibiotic’s effects

21

Viruses

intracellular parasites that survive only in living tissues