Drug Therapy for Hypertension Ch 28 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drug Therapy for Hypertension Ch 28 Deck (8)
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1

Angioedema

sudden swelling of the lips, tongue, throat, hands, or feet

2

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor

drug that decreases activation of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system; specifically, the drug prevents inactive angiotensin I from being converted to angiotensin II

3

Angiotensin II receptor blocker

similar to ACE inhibitor, although the mechanism of action is blockade of the angiotensin II receptor site

4

Antiadrenergics

decrease or block the effects of sympathetic nerve stimulation

5

Autoregulation

ability of body tissues to regulate their own blood flow

6

Bradykinin

peptide that causes vasodilation and lowers blood pressure

7

Essential hypertension

high blood pressure for which no cause can be found

8

First-dose phenomenon

orthostatic hypotension with palpitations, dizziness, and perhaps syncope 1 to 3 hours after the first dose of a drug or an increased dose