Introduction to Pharmacology Ch 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Introduction to Pharmacology Ch 1 Deck (11)
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1

Biotechnology

process that may involve manipulating deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) and recombining genes into hybrid molecules that can be inserted into living organisms (often Escherichia coli bacteria) and repeatedly reproduced

2

Brand (trade) name

Manufacturer's chosen name for a drug, which is protected by a patent

3

Controlled Substance

drugs that are categorized by federal law according to therapeutic usefulness and potential for abuse; also known as scheduled drugs

4

Drug Classifications

groups of medications that are classified according to their effects on particular body systems, their therapeutic uses, and their chemical characteristics

5

Generic Name

chemical or official name of the drug that is independent of the manufacturer and often indicates the drug group

6

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs

medications available for purchase without a prescription

7

Pharmacoeconomics

costs of drug therapy, including costs of purchasing, dispensing, storage, administration, and laboratory and other tests used to monitor patient responses; also considers losses due to expiration

8

Pharmacotherapy

use of drugs to prevent, diagnose, or treat signs, symptoms, and disease process

9

Placebo

inert substance containing no medication and given to reinforce a person's expectation to improve

10

Prescription drugs

medications that are ordered in writing by a licensed health care provider

11

Prototype

often the first drug of a particular drug class to be developed; usually the standard against which newer, similar drugs are compared