Drug Therapy for Asthma and Bronchoconstriction Ch 31 Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Drug Therapy for Asthma and Bronchoconstriction Ch 31 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug Therapy for Asthma and Bronchoconstriction Ch 31 Deck (9)
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1

Airway hyperresponsiveness

exaggerated bronchoconstrictive response to stimuli

2

Bronchospasm (also called bronchoconstriction)

constriction of the air passages of the lung (as in asthma) by spasmodic contraction of the bronchial muscles

3

Leukotrienes

strong chemical mediators of bronchoconstriction and inflammation, the major pathologic features of asthma

4

Maintenance inhalant medications

long-term control beta2-agonists used to achieve and maintain prophylactic control of persistent asthma

5

Mast cells

cells releasing substances that produce bronchoconstriction and inflammation in response to causative stimuli

6

Rescue inhalant medications

quick-relief, short-acting beta2-agonists used during periods of acute symptoms and exacerbations

7

Status asthmaticus

acute, severe asthma

8

Triggers

factors that initiate asthma symptoms

9

Work-exacerbated asthma

adverse respiratory outcome resulting from work-related conditions