Flashcards in Growth & Development - Unit 1 (School Age Children) Deck (29)
What age is school age?
6-12 - begins with shedding of first deciduous teeth and ends at puberty with final permanent teeth
These kids should write neatly, dress appropriately, perform certain chores, etc. T/F?
These kids have frequent physical complaints. T/F?
Friendships are primarily with the same sex and peer acceptance is important. T/F?
6-year olds should be able to focus upon an appropriate tasks for 15 minutes. T/F?
9 year olds should be able to focus for about 2 hours. T/F?
False - 1 hour
Height increases by about __ inches per year, weight increased by about __ to __ kg per year.
What is prepubescence?
2 years before puberty. Ages 9-12
Average age of puberty is __ in girls and ___ in boys.
12 in girls and 14 in boys.
What is the Erickson stage for this group?
Industry vs. inferiority - eager to develop skills and participate in meaningful and socially useful work. They get competence. Can develop inferiority if they think that they do not measure up to someone's expectations.
All children feel some sense of inferiority regarding skills they cannot master. T/F?
Piaget - cognitive development - ages? What happens?
Concrete operations, 7-11 years...use thought processes to experience events and actions, develop understanding of relationships between things and ideas, have conceptual thinking, etc.
Conservation - properties do not change due to manipulation. What ages?
Liquids = 5-7 years.
Length, 6-7 years.
Weight - 9-10 years.
School age children are often avid collectors. T/F?
Kohlberg - what's the level here
age 6-7, reward and punishment guides choices. Older = able to judge an act by the intentions that prompted it.
These kids have metalinguistic awareness - what is that?
Metaphors, riddles, jokes, etc.
Is the peer group important?
increasing independence from parents is primary goal of middle childhood. T/F?
What's a self-concept?
a conscious awareness of a variety of self-perceptions (abilities, values, etc.)
Generally, kids love their body image as they grow older. T/F?
do these kids play together?
Yes, they love being together and using their brains to have fun and play.
We should worry, though, if kids are stealing, antisocial, etc. T/F?
FALSE - it's pretty normal.
Do kids have a lot of stress?
Yes, from parents, peers, violence, etc.
What are some stress responses to be investigated?
stomach pains or headache, sleep problems, bed-wetting, changes in eating habits, aggressive or stubborn behavior, reluctance to participate, regression to earlier behaviors (like thumb sucking)
How do we reduce stress for kids?
Positive imagery,physical activity, deep-breathing, etc.
These kids don't need a balance diet. T/F?
How many hours of sleep do these kids need?
9/5 - but 8-11 year olds can HATE bedtime.
Physical activity and dental health aren't important. T/F?
False - they are very important.