Growth & Development - Unit 1 (Toddlers) Flashcards Preview

Peds - Spring 2016 > Growth & Development - Unit 1 (Toddlers) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Growth & Development - Unit 1 (Toddlers) Deck (29)
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1

Weight gain slows to __ to __ pounds per year.

4-6

2

Birth weight should be quadrupled by age ___.

2.5

3

Height increases by about __ inches per year & growth occurs how?

3 (Think - a toddler is three and free!) - Growth is step-like (spurts)

4

Growth in the toddler occurs mainly in the ____.

Trunk

5

How is eyesight for toddlers?

20/40.

6

Should we evaluate further strabismus to prevent amblyopia?

YES - it could be a problem.

7

Why do toddlers have increased risk for otitis media, tonsillitis, URI's, etc?

Shorts and straight ear canals.

8

They can walk independently by __ to __ months.
We should worry if they don't walk by __ months.

Walk up and down stairs by age ___.
Jump with both feet by age ___.

12-13 months.
18 months.

2
2.5

9

Coordination improves between ages __ to ___.

2-3

10

Improved manual dexterity by age __ to __.

12-15 months.

11

Scribbling occurs at age ____ and they can immitate a circle by age ___ months.

15 months.
24 months.

12

Throwing a ball overhead happens at age 18 months. T/F?

True

13

How do toddler's accomplish autonomy? (Erickson)

Tantrums!

14

What are some of the tasks of the toddler?

Differentiation from others, potty training, separation, socially acceptable behavior, decreased egocentrism, etc.

15

What is the need for sameness and reliability called for toddlers?

Ritualism - they like their shit together and the same way!

16

What are the two stages of development kids are in for Piaget?

Sensorimotor and Preconceptual

17

What is part of the sensorimotor phase?

Tertiary Circular Reactions (13-18 months) - see self as separate and form memories.

Invention of new means through mental combinations - 19-24 months - imitate behaviors, domestic mimicry, concept of time forming, etc.

18

What happens during the preconceptual phase?

Begins at age 2, 2-3 word sentences, they know what tomorrow means, and transitition between self-satisfying behavior and socialized relationships.

19

Toddlers - can recognize sexual differences at age __ and identify genders at age ___.

2.
3.

20

Kids have a great understanding of body integrity - T/F?

FALSE - if you poke them with an IV, they think they will lose every bit of them!

21

"I can feed myself, drink from a cup, and use a spoon, although I spill a lot. How old am I?"

15 months (use a spoon), fork at 2 years.

22

What are some other skills they develop?

Independence, dressing selves, etc.

23

What type of play is characteristic of the toddler?

Parallel - sitting beside but not playing together.

24

When does voluntary sphincter control occur?

18-24 months.

25

Toddlers - slower growth rate so they need less calories and such. T/F?

TRUE

26

How long do toddlers sleep?

11-12 hours.

27

When does chest circumference exceed head circumference?

24 months.

28

Regression - occurs in toddlers and older kids due to stress. T/F?

True

29

What are some things toddlers do that is harmful?

Drowning, burns, poisoning, falls, aspiration, etc.