Flashcards in Growth & Development - Unit 1 (Preschoolers) Deck (31)
What is the most significant lifestyle change for preschoolers?
Physical growth rate slows and stabilizes during preschool years. T/F?
Are preschoolers more graceful, sturdy, etc.?
Walking, running, climbing, jumping - ___ months.
Skips, hops on one foot, catches ball - ___ years.
Skips on alternate feet, jumps rope, learns to skate and swim - __ years.
What is the last shape to be mastered (drawn) by the preschooler?
3 year old can draw a circle - T/F?
5-6 year old can draw several body parts. T/F?
4-5 year old can copy a square. T/F?
What is the Erickson's stage for this age group?
Initative vs. Guilt - conscious - if they're told no too much, like when they do something on their own, and they aren't built up, they might worry and feel guilty about what they do.
Piaget level for this age group - what is it?
Preoperational phase - age 2-7
What are the two stages of the preoperational phase?
Preconceptual phase - age 2-4
Intuitive thought - age 4-7
What is magical thinking and powerful thoughts?
They think their thoughts can cause things. Like, "I'm mad at mommy!" and then mommy gets sick. They think they caused it!
What's the Kohlberg moral development stage for this level?
What are the two parts of the preconvential (premoral) kohlberg?
Punishment and obedience orientation (ages 2-4) - if action leads to punishment, it's bad!
Naive instrumental orientation - 4-7, actions satisfy their needs and create sense of justice and fairness
Development of conscious related to spiritual development. T/F?
These kids think they need bandaids for EVERYTHING. T/F?
With separation, these kids need anticipatory and concrete explanations. T/F?
Ages 4-5 - __ and __ word sentences. T/F?
Age 6 - understands all parts of speech; identify opposites. T/F/
Independence in dressing and toileting and eating by ages 4-5. T/F?
What kind of play do kids this age do?
Associative play, imaginary friends, dramatic play, etc.
Stuttering - affects more girls than boys. T/f?
false - more boys than girls.
What's the difference between a nightmare and a nightterror? What should we do for these kids?
Nightmare = they remember it.
Nighttherror = they wake up screaming but then go back to bed. It really doesn't bother them.
Support them - but don't let them wander around and get hurt!
What's the nutritional requirement for these kids?
What's the 5-2-0-1 framework?
5 fruits/veggies, 2 hours or less screen time, 0 sweetened beverages and 1 hour of physical activity daily.
At what age is the preschooler the pickiest eater?
What % of an adult serving should a preschooler eat?