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Flashcards in Introduction - Unit 1 Deck (60)
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1

How any children are in the US today? It equals ___ percent of the population.

75 million, equalling 25% of the population.

2

What is pediatric nursing?

Protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities for children of all ages.

3

What are some of the roles of a pediatric nurse?

Therapeutic relationship, family advocacy and caring, disease prevention, health teaching, support and counseling, coordination, collaboration, ethical decision making, etc.

4

What is atraumatic care?

Care that prevents or minimizes separation from the family. It promotes a sense of control and prevents or minimizes bodily injury and pain.

5

Parents around = more stress for kids. T/F?

FALSE

6

Give appropriate choices to kids, no matter how silly. T/F?

TRUE

7

Information can be shared with anyone about the kid. T/F?

FALSE - it's HIPPA

8

Children are very resilient and usually tolerate an incorrect dose of most medications better than adults do. T/F?

FALSE - their little bodies can't handle errors as well as ours can.

9

Should we verify every dose of medication?

YES

10

Orders for meds should not include weight and calculated dose - who cares? T/F?

FALSE - they should

11

For meds, we should always use trailing zero's - like 6.0. T/F?

FALSE

12

What are some of the health indicators for Healthy People 2020?

Physical activity, overweight and obesity, tobacco use, responsible sexual behavior, mental health, injury and violence, environmental quality, immunization, access to healthcare, etc.

13

What are some communication influences for kids?

Mass media, reading materials, movies, television.

14

Breast-feeding is best. T/F?

True

15

What does breast-feeding provide for the infant?

Micronutrients, immunologic properties, enzymes that enhances digestion and absorption.

16

Formula is okay - especially with cow's milk and water. T/F?

FALSE - formula is okay but NEVER use water or cow's milk.

17

By what age are life long eating habits established?

3 years of age

18

What is the single most common chronic disease of childhood? How many have it?

Dental Caries - nearly 20% of kids have them.

19

Kids can have adult toothpaste. T/F?

FALSE - until they can spit, they should have kid toothpaste without fluoride.

20

Review individual immunization records at every clinic visit/encounter. T/F?

TRUE

21

We should never encourage parents to keep immunizations present. T/F?

FALSE - we should!

22

Obesity and Type 2 DM - BMI > or = to.....

95th percentile

23

MVA's - most common cause of death in children over one year. T/F?

True

24

Mental Health Problems - Affect __ in __ children.
Risk taking behaviors start in first __ years of life.

1 in 5
10 years.

25

Leading cause of death - Under 1 Year =
Over 1 year =

Under 1 = Congenital abnormalities, prematurity, SIDS
Over 1 = MVA

26

Boys are at double the risk for injury than girls. T/F?

True

27

Children under 1 have the highest rate of death from MVA's due to:

Improper car seat

28

Pediatric pedestrian accidents usually occur far away from home. T/F?

FALSE - they occur close to home. :(

29

What is the second most common cause of death in female teens?

Intentional Poisoning (probably Tylenol) :(

30

Running with scissors is the leading cause of eye injury in children. T/F?

FALSE - 59% of eye injuries are sports related