Classroom Activity Stuff - Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classroom Activity Stuff - Unit 2 Deck (18)
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1

Swallowing is an automatic reflex action for the first ___ months of life, then comes under voluntary control starting at __ months.

3 months.

6 moths.

2

The child's stomach is round in shape until about __ years of age, then it gradually elongates until about __ years, when it's more adult-like

2yrs

7 yrs

3

What's a well-tolerated laxative for kids?

Miralax

4

What is hirschsprung's disease also known as?

Short-segment disease

5

Kids before hirschsprung surgery - what might they need?

Saline enemas, antibiotics, colonic flush with antibiotic solution, etc

6

GER - reflex.
GERD = symptoms or tissue damage.
T/F?

True

7

What is the gold standard in the diagnosis of GER?

23-hour intraesophageal pH monitoring!

8

What can cause appendicitis?

Obstruction of the lumen of the appendix, swollen lymph tissue following a viral infection, or pinworms.

9

Appendicitis - the outflow of mucus secretions is blocked. T/F?

True

10

What's a "left-shift" mean?

CBC - may show an elevated percentage of bands.

11

Appendicitis - younger kids might assume a rigid, side-lying position with the knees flexed and have decreased ROM of the __ hip.

Right

12

Vomiting of __ contents is the first sign of a high obstruction, vomiting of ___-___ material is a sign of a small intestine obstruction.

Gastric.

Bile stained.

13

The vomiting associated with pyloric stenosis usually begins at __ weeks of age but can start as early as __ week and as late as __ months.

3 weeks.

1 week.

5 months.

14

Infants with pyloric stenosis are prone to ___ alkalosis from the loss of hydrogen ions and depletion of K+, Na, and chloride.

Metabolic alkalosis

15

What are the triad of intussusception symptoms?

Abd pain, abdominal mass, bloody stools.

16

The definitive diagnosis of intussusception is made based on findings of a bulls-eye and heterogeneous mass. T/F?

True

17

The passage of normal-brown stool indicated that the intussusception is worsening. T/F?

FALSE - means it's reduced and the Dr should be notified because the kid is probably fine now!

18

Hematemesis - def

Hematochezia - def

Hematemesis - vomiting of bright red blood or denatured blood that looks like coffee grounds, usually representing an upper GI source of bleeding.

Hematochezia - passage of bright red blood per the rectum, indicating lower GI bleeding.