Flashcards in Classroom Activity Stuff - Unit 2 Deck (18)
Swallowing is an automatic reflex action for the first ___ months of life, then comes under voluntary control starting at __ months.
The child's stomach is round in shape until about __ years of age, then it gradually elongates until about __ years, when it's more adult-like
What's a well-tolerated laxative for kids?
What is hirschsprung's disease also known as?
Kids before hirschsprung surgery - what might they need?
Saline enemas, antibiotics, colonic flush with antibiotic solution, etc
GER - reflex.
GERD = symptoms or tissue damage.
What is the gold standard in the diagnosis of GER?
23-hour intraesophageal pH monitoring!
What can cause appendicitis?
Obstruction of the lumen of the appendix, swollen lymph tissue following a viral infection, or pinworms.
Appendicitis - the outflow of mucus secretions is blocked. T/F?
What's a "left-shift" mean?
CBC - may show an elevated percentage of bands.
Appendicitis - younger kids might assume a rigid, side-lying position with the knees flexed and have decreased ROM of the __ hip.
Vomiting of __ contents is the first sign of a high obstruction, vomiting of ___-___ material is a sign of a small intestine obstruction.
The vomiting associated with pyloric stenosis usually begins at __ weeks of age but can start as early as __ week and as late as __ months.
Infants with pyloric stenosis are prone to ___ alkalosis from the loss of hydrogen ions and depletion of K+, Na, and chloride.
What are the triad of intussusception symptoms?
Abd pain, abdominal mass, bloody stools.
The definitive diagnosis of intussusception is made based on findings of a bulls-eye and heterogeneous mass. T/F?
The passage of normal-brown stool indicated that the intussusception is worsening. T/F?
FALSE - means it's reduced and the Dr should be notified because the kid is probably fine now!