Growth & Development - Unit 1 (Babies) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Growth & Development - Unit 1 (Babies) Deck (67)
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1

Head to toe growth =
Center to periphery growth is referred to as =

Head to toe = cephalocaudal
Center to periphery = proximodistal

2

Little babies - gain about __ to __ ounces of weight every week.

5-7

3

Double birth weight by age ___ months.
Triple Birth Weight by age ___ year.

6 months.
1 year

4

Height increased by 1 inch per month for 6 months for little babies. T/F?

True

5

Babies - grow gradually. T/F?

FALSE - they grow in spurts.

6

When does the anterior fontanel close?

12-18 months.

7

When does the posterior fontanel close?

6-8 weeks.

8

Anterior fontanel - what does it mean if it sinks in? What if it is big and hard?

Sinks in = dehydrated.
Big & hard = increased ICP.

9

Babies - repiratory track is prone to inflammation because it's so big. T/F?

FALSE - it's prone to infection because it's so small.

10

Can babies easily fight off infection?

NO

11

Liver - most advanced in little babies. T/F?

FALSE - it is most immature.

12

Can babies shiver?

Nope - that's why they have brown fat - it helps them regulate their temps.

13

Trachea is close to ___, which predisposes babies to respiratory infections.

Bronchi

14

Short & straight eustachian tube in babies causes a higher risk for ear infections. T/F?

True

15

Mucosal lining produces IgA, which reduces risk for infection in babies. T/F?

FALSE

16

What occurs in a sinus arrhythmia for an infant?

The heart rate increases with inspiration and decreases with expiration

17

What is the parachute reflex? When is it present?

They stick their hands out when you hold them head down - like they're going to fall. Present at 7-9 months.

18

Most reflexes are not present at birth. T/F?

FALSE - they are.

19

What is stereopsis? When does it begin?

Depth perception - begins at 7-9 months.

20

If it occurs at less than 3 months, it's a reflex. T/F?

True

21

Newborns can fixate on objects within __ to ___ inches.

8-10

22

Binocular (both eye) vision begins at __ to __ weeks.

4-6

23

Babies look at hands at __ to __ weeks.

12-20

24

Babies - adjust posture to see object at __ weeks and also develop hand-eye coordination.

20 weeks

25

The startle (moro) reflex is present at birth. T/F? What is the reflex?

True - it's the reflex where they bring their hands in and are startled!

26

Babies - can turn head at __ to __ weeks and then can turn the head and look in the direction of sound at __ to __ weeks.

8-12

12-16

27

Babies - can respond to own name by 24-32 weeks. T/F?

True

28

Babies - know several words by weeks __ to __ weeks.

40-52 (age 1)

29

If babies aren't following the auditory maturation schedule, what might be wrong?

They might have hearing issues.

30

What is the crude pincer grasp? When does it come in?

6-8 months - they use the whole hand.