Chapter 7 - Axial Skeleton Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Axial Skeleton Notes Deck (84)
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1

bones have processes, smooth surfaces, and holes that are associated with _______, _______, _______, _____ and ________.

ligaments
muscles
joints
nerves
blood vessels

2

if a bone possesses a ________ or _______, it is usually because a ligament or tendon what attached to that during life

tubercle (lump)
process (projection)

3

if a bone has a smooth articular surface, that surface was part of a _______ and was covered with ___________

joint
articular cartilage

4

if a bone has a ________ that was occupied by something such as a nerve or blood vessel

foramen (hole)

5

sinuses

epithelium lined air spaces

6

axial skeleton consists of

skull
vertebral column
thoracic cage

7

skull is composed of how many bones

28

8

the 6 ______ which function in hearing are located inside the temporal bone

auditory ossicles

9

the auditory ossicles are

2 each of:
malleus
incus
stapes

10

the ______ or braincase protects the brain

cranial vault

11

the _________ from the structure of the face in the anterior skull, but do not contribute to the cranial vault.

14 facial bones

12

function of the facial bones

protect the sensory organs of the head and function as muscle attachment sites

13

what are the 14 facial bones

maxilla (2)
mandible (1)
zygomatic (2)
palatine (2)
nasal (2)
lacrimal (2)
vomer (1)
inferior nasal concha (2)

14

the mandible and maxillae posses _______ with sockets for the attachment of the teeth

alveolar processes

15

the ______ which "floats" in the neck is the attachment site for the throat and tongue muscles

hyoid bone

16

the skull can be thought of as a

single bone or a single unit

17

the ______ are joined at the midline by the sagittal suture

parietal bones

18

the parietal bones are joined to the ______ by the coronal suture

frontal bones

19

the parietal bones are joined to the ______ by the lambdoid suture

occipital bone

20

the parietal bones are joined to the ________ by the squamous suture

temporal bone

21

______ are the points of attachment for neck muscles

nuchal lines

22

______ transmits sound waves toward the eardrum

external auditory meatus

23

important neck muscles attach to

mastoid process

24

the temporal lines are attachments for

temporalis muscle

25

the __________ from the _______ and ______ bones forms a bridge across the side of the skull

sygomatic arch
temporal
zygomatic

26

the ____ contain the eyes

orbits

27

the nasal cavity is separated by

nasal septum

28

the _______ separates the nasal cavity from the oral cavity

hard palate

29

the _________ which connect to the nasal cavity

paranasal sinuses

30

the paranasal sinuses are

frontal
ethmoidal
sphenoidal
maxillary