Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Articulations Notes Deck (42)
joints are named
according to the bones or portions of bones that are united at the joint
joints are classified by
major connective tissue type that binds
whether or not there is a fluid-filled joint capsule
_____consist of two bones that are united by fibrous connective tissue, have no joint cavity, and exhibit little or no movement
fibrous joints are classified by
basis of sutures, syndesmoses, or gomphoses
_____ are seams between the bones of the skull, and some sutures may be completely immovable.
_____ results when 2 bones grow together across a joint to form a single bone
a ______ is a type of fibrous joint in which the bones are further apart than in a suture and are joined by ligaments
_____ are specialized joints consisting of pegs that fit into sockets and that are held in place by fine bundles of regular collagenous connective tissue
__________ unite two bones by means of either hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage.
__________ consists of two bones joined by hyaline cartilage
________ consists of fibrocartilage uniting two bones.
______ those containing synovial fluid, allow considerable movement between articulating bones
the articular surfaces of bones within synovial joints are covered with a thin layer of hyaline cartilage called
additional fibrocartilage _________ are associated with several synovial joints such as the knees and the TMJ. They provide extra strength and support to the joint
asynovial joint is enclosed by ________ which helps to hold the bones together while allowing for movement.
the joint capsule has an outer layer called
outer fibrous capsule
the joint capsule has an inner layer called
inner synovial membrane
in certain synovial joints the synovial membrane may extend as a pocket or
there are ___ types of synovial joints
typs of synovial joints
plane (or gliding)
ball and socket
the movements of synovial joints can be describe as occuring on ____ axis
movement is best described in relation to the anatomic position.
movement away from anat position
movement returning toward anat position
Pairs of movement terms
____ moves a part of the body in the anterior or ventral direction
____ moves a part of the body in the posterior or dorsal direction
___ is away from the midline
___ is toward the midline
____ is turning of structure on long axis
____ rotation of the palm so it faces posteriorly