Chapter 26 - Urinary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 26 - Urinary Deck (105)
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1

functions of urinary system

retaining water
ion regulation
nitrogen waste removal
Vit D hormone
RBC production hormone, etc

2

what happens when water is retained?

increases blood volume and blood pressure

3

what increases acidity

H+ ions

4

organs of urin sys

kidney
ureter
bladder
urethra

5

organs impacting urin sys

adrenal
heart
posterior pituitary

6

urination also called

micturation

7

kidneys are ________ shaped

bean shaped

8

where are kidneys located

L-2

9

what supports kidneys

renal capsule
adipose capsule
renal fascia

10

what is on top of kidneys

adrenal glands

11

where do the blood vessels enter kidney

hilus

12

just below the celiac trunk are the ________ branching off to the kidnesy

right/left renal arteries

13

leaving the kidneys are the right/left

renal veins

14

________ and ________ are weaved around the renal pyramids

interlobular and arcuate arteries and veins

15

the arteries eventually become the ________, ________, and ________

afferent and efferent arterioles
pepitubular capillaries
vasa recta

16

outer layer of kidney

cortex

17

inner "core" of kidney

medulla

18

anatomy parts of kidney

calyx - major and minor
renal (medullary) pyramid
renal papilla
renal pelvis

19

what opens to the ureter

renal pelvis

20

functional units in kidney

nephrons

21

what nephrons are located in cortex

cortical nephrons

22

what % of nephrons in cortex

85%

23

what surrounds the cortical nephrons

peritubular capillaries

24

other neprhons in kidney

juxamedullary

25

where are juxamedullary nephrons founds

cortex and medulla

26

what surrounds the juxamedullary

vasa recta

27

nephron consists of

glomerular
PCT
Henle loop
DCT
collecting duct
papillary duct

28

another name for glomerular

bowman's capsule

29

what does glomerular contain

glomerulus

30

what surrounds the glomerulus

podocytes