Chapter 24 - Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology > Chapter 24 - Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 24 - Digestive System Deck (260)
Loading flashcards...
1

what are other names of the digestive system

digestive tract
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
alimentary tract

2

organs of dig system are collectively called

accessory organs

3

what are the accessory organs

glands
teeth
liver
gallbladder
pancreas
appendix

4

overall functions of dig sys

absorption
energy
affecting temperature
exocrine function

5

what does dig sys absorb

nutrients
vitamins
minerals
water
drugs/medication

6

what energy is associated with dig sys

ATP, fats, protein

7

ATP via ________ is absorbed

carbohydrated

8

how does dig sys affect temperature

cold/hot drinks

9

mouth to anus

alimentary canal

10

route food takes in alimentary canal

mouth
pharynx (oro-)
esophagus
stomach
small intestines
large intestines (colon)
rectum
anus

11

when food starts in the mouth it becomes

bolus

12

bolus goes through ________ and arrives at the stomach

segmentation

13

when bolus leaves stomach it becomes ________

chime

14

________ is smooth muscle contraction that moves the bolus and chime throughout the tract

peristalsis

15

the ________ contains the visceral and parietal

peritoneum

16

the ________ aligns organs

visceral

17

the ________ aligns cavities

parietal

18

________ attach to the abdominal organs

mesenteries

19

the mesenteries are double sheets of

peritoneal membrane

20

________ covers the surface of the intestines anteriorly

greater omentum

21

greater omentum is

fatty skin

22

________ stabilizes the stomach

lesser omentum

23

________ is a sheet in back that's attack to colon

mesocolon

24

how many layers of tissue in alimentary canal

4

25

what are layers of alimentary canal tissue

mucosa
submucosa
muscularis
serosa

26

are the layers consistent throughout the canal

no

27

what is the surface layer of canal tissue

mucosa

28

the ________ contains the musclaris mucosa

lamina propria

29

muscularis mucosa includes inner and outer

muscles

30

inner muscles are

circular