Chapter 19 - Blood Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 - Blood Notes Deck (132)
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1

Blood is a ______ type of connective tissue

specialized

2

what are functions of blood

1. transport of dissolved gasses
2. regulation of ph
3. restriction of fluid loss at site of injury
4. defense against toxins and pathogens
5. stabilization of body temp

3

blood is a fluid connective tissue with a matrix called

plasma

4

plasma accounts for ____ of the volume of whole blodo

43-63%

5

____ accounts for 92% of the volume of plasma

water

6

blood also contains ______ that are suspended in the plasma

blood cell fragments

7

suspended blood cell fragments are called

formed elements of blood

8

how many types of formed elements of blood are there

3

9

what are the formed elements of blood

red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets

10

what are the most numerous of the cells in the blood

red blood cells

11

which cells are invovled with immune system

white blood cells

12

plasma and formed elements together constitute

whole blood

13

what is the temperature of whole blood

38 C

14

blood is ____ times as viscous as water

5

15

ph of blood is

7.4
slightly alkaine

16

how many liters of blood in adult male

5-6

17

how many liters of blood in adult female

4-5

18

plasma contains dissolved ____

proteins

19

there are ____ classes of dissolved proteins in plasma

3

20

what are the 3 classes of proteins in plasma

albumens
globulins
fibrinogen

21

what makes up 60% of the plasma proteins

albumens

22

what makes up 35% of the plasma proteins

globulins

23

what contributes to the osmotic pressure of plasma

albumens

24

what makes up the antibodies of the immune system

globuins

25

what protein functions in blood clotting

fibrinogen

26

what is the production of RBC

hemopoiesis

27

during fetal development blood cells are formed from

embryonic stem cells

28

what are the fetal embryonic stem cells that produce the blood cells first in life called

hemocytoblasts

29

where does fetal blood production occur

liver and spleen

30

how long does the liver and spleen produce blood cells

up to 5th month of fetal devolpment