Chapter 25 - Metabolism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 25 - Metabolism Deck (124)
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1

__________ refers to all the chemical reactions that occur in an organism

metabolism

2

what is used in metabolism

food
minerals
vitamins

3

__________ is the break down of organic substrates

catabolism

4

__________ is the synthesis of new organic molecules

anabolism

5

what can speed up/slow down metabolism

hormones

6

what is the energy molecule

adenosine triposphate (ATP)

7

what is the main focus of metabolism

ATP

8

does it matter how much ATP is made

YES!!!!

9

what is ATP used for

active transport
sliding filament theory
etc

10

what is derived from ATP

CAMP

11

what cycles energy with ATP

ADP

12

what is the main organelle used for synthesis of much of ATP

mitochondrion

13

As __________ and __________ enter the mitochondrion __________, __________, and __________ are produced

food
oxygen
CO2
water
ATP

14

what is food for mitochondrion

carb, lipid, protein

15

process of ATP conversion in mitochondrion is called

cellular respiration

16

what respiration occurs without oxygen

anaerobic

17

where does anaerobic respiration occur

outside of mitochondrion

18

what is respiration with oxygen

aerobic

19

where does aerobic resp occur

inside mitochondrion

20

what is the basic unit of carbobohydrate

monosaccharide

21

glucose has how many carbons

6 carbon body sugar

22

what is primary source of energy for cellular resp

glucose

23

__________ is process of breaking down glucose for energy

glycolysis

24

what is required for glycolysis

2 ATP

25

glycolysis nets how many ATPs

2

26

glycolysis makes how many ATPS

4

27

does glycolysis required oxygen

no

28

if oxygen is present for glycolysis, how many ATP will be produced

36 or 38

29

step 1 of glycolysis

ATP initiates process by giving phosphate to glucose.

30

giving a molecule to another is

analbolism