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Flashcards in FINAL REVIEW CHAPTER Deck (1470)
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1

___________ is the study of internal and external structures and the physical relationships among body parts

anatomy

2

___________ is the study of how living organisms perform vital functions.

physiology

3

all specific functions are performed by

specific structures

4

___________ is the condition in which body functions, fluids, and other factors of the internal environment are maintained at levels suitable to support life

homeostasis

5

___________ is a corrective mechanism involving an action that directly opposes a variation from normal limits

negative feedback

6

in ___________ a stimulus produces a response that exaggerates the stimulus, creating a ___________ loop

positive feedback
positive feedback loop

7

___________ means to lie or be placed with the anterior surface down (on belly)

prone

8

___________ means to lie or be placed with the anterior surface facing up (on back)

supine

9

___________: a structure above another

superior

10

___________: a structure below another

inferior

11

___________: closer to the head

cephalic

12

___________: closer to the tail

caudal

13

___________: the front of the body

anterior

14

___________: the back of the body

posterior

15

___________: toward the belly

ventral

16

___________: toward the back, synonymous w/posterior

dorsal

17

___________: closer to the point of attachment to the body than another structure

proximal

18

___________: farther from the point of attachment to the body than another structure

distal

19

___________: away from the midline of the body

lateral

20

___________: toward the midline of the body

medial

21

___________: toward or on the surface

superficial

22

___________: away from the surface, internal

deep

23

what are the 3 planes of the body

frontal
sagittal
transverse

24

what is another name for frontal plane

coronal

25

2 main cavities

dorsal
ventral

26

what cavities does the dorsal cavity contain

cranial
spinal

27

what divides the ventral cavity

diaphragm

28

what is the ventral cavity divided into

thoracic
abdominopelvic

29

what does the thoracic cavity contain

pleural cavities
pericardial cavity

30

what does the pleural cavity contain

lungs