11. Nervous System II (PNS) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11. Nervous System II (PNS) Deck (166)
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1

Group of neuronal cell bodies outside the CNS

Ganglia or Ganglion

2

Group of neuronal cell bodies inside the CNS

Nucleus

3

Bundle of Axons in PNS

Nerves

4

Bundle of axons in CNS

Tract

5

How many pairs of CN

12 pairs (24)

6

How many pairs of spinal cord

31 pairs (62)

7

Network of nerves

Plexuses

8

2 divisions of the autonomic nervous system

Parasympa
Sympa

9

Parasympathetic nervous system is regulated mainly by

Acetylcholine

10

Rest and digest

Parasympathetic nervous system

11

Maintains homeostasis

Parasympathetic nervous system

12

Synonymous drugs that enhances the Parasympathetic nervous system

Cholinergic
Cholinomimetic

Parasympathomimetic
Anti-sympathetic
Anti-adrenergenic

Sympatholytic
Anti-acetylcholinesterase or Anticholinesterase

13

Division of the autonomic nervous system regukated mainly by Norepinephrine

Sympathetic nervous system

14

Fight or flight

Sympathetic nervous system

15

Sympathetic nervous system is activated by what situations

Stress and emergency situations

16

Synonymous drugs that enhances the sympathetic nervous system

Adrenergic
Adrenomimetic
Sympathomimetic
Anti-parasympathetic
Anti-cholinergic
Parasympatholytic

17

Regulates amount of light

Eye pupil

18

Eye pupil
Symp:
Parasymp:

Eye pupil
Symp: pupilary dilation (mydriasis)
Parasymp: constriction (miosis)

19

During parasympathetic = __ fluid secretion

Increase fluid secretion during Parasympathetic

20

Pupillary dilation

Mydriasis

21

Pupillary constriction

Miosis

22

Lacrimal glands/ Salivary glands/ Nasal mucosa
Symp:
Parasym:

Lacrimal glands/ Salivary glands/ Nasal mucosa
Symp: ⬇️ tears/saliva/ mucus
Parasym: ⬆️ tears/saliva/ mucus

23

Sympathetic:
Lungs
Arteries

Sympathetic:
Lungs: bronchodilation
Arteries: vasoconstriction

24

ParaSympathetic:
Lungs:
Arteries:

ParaSympathetic:
Lungs: bronchoconstriction
Arteries: vasodilation

25

Lungs
Sympa:
Parasym:

Lungs
Sympa: brochodilation
Parasym: bronchoconstriction

26

Arteries
Sympa:
Parasym:

Arteries
Sympa: vasoconstriction
Parasym: vasodilation

27

Chronotropic

Heart rate

28

Inotropic

Force of contraction

29

Heart
Symp:
Parasymp:

Heart
Symp: ⬆️ chronotropic and inotropic
Parasymp: ⬇️ heart rate and force of contraction

30

Other name for adrenal glands

Suprarenal glands