16. GIT System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 16. GIT System Deck (164)
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1

What are the Gut associated lymphoid tissues? (GALT)

Lymphoid follicles - found in lymph nodes, thymus
Tonsils

2

These are the collections of lymphoid follicles in the DIGESTIVE TRACT

Tonsils

3

Tonsils are collectively known as

Waldeyer's rings

4

Tonsil found in the pharyn; "Adenoid"

1 Pharyngeal tonsil

5

Tonsils seen beside Eustachian tube

2 tubal tonsils

6

Tonsil between palatoglossus(ant pillar) and palatopharyngeus(post pillar)

2 palatine tonsils

7

Tonsil behind the tongue

1 lingual tonsil

8

What are the cells found on the surface of tonsils that traps microbes?

M cells*

9

What immunoglobulins are found in the GIT?

IgA

10

What are the specialized non encapsulated tonsils found in the Submucosa of the Ileum?

Peyer's Patches

11

Responsible for INITIAL phase of digestion and absorption

Oral cavity (lips to pharynx)

12

Found in saliva that helps the initial digestion of food or STARCH

Amylase

13

What is the major site of amylase production?

Pancreas

14

Anterior pillar of fauces

Palatoglossus

15

Posterior pillar of fauces

Palatopharyngeus

16

Found between ant and post pillar of fauces; what separates the two

Isthmus of the fauces

17

Transitional line or junction between mucous membrane of lips and skin

Vermillion border

18

Keratinized surface of tongue

Dorsal (KD)

19

Non keratinized surface of tongue

Ventral (Nkv)

20

What do you call the condition wherein there is ABSENCE OF TONGUE PAPILLAE?

Bald tongue

21

Bald tongue is associated with (4)

Geographic tongue
Any type of glossitis
Iron deficiency
Vit B9 deficiency

22

Most common type of anemia

Iron def anemia

23

Tx for iron def anemia

Ferrous sulfate

24

Aka food pipe or gullet

Esophagus

25

Lining of esophagus (protection from friction)

Non keratinized - stratified squamous

26

Other name for lower esophageal constrictors

Cardiac sphincter

27

Other term for GERD

Heartburn

28

Metaplastic change of lining of esophagus seen in patients with GERD

Barret's esophagus

29

Lining of esophagus in pxs with GERD

From stratified squamous to simple columnar
- adapts to the acid reflux from stomach

30

It is the change from specialized (normal) cells to non specialized (normal) cells

Metaplasia