Flashcards in 16. GIT System Deck (164)
What are the Gut associated lymphoid tissues? (GALT)
Lymphoid follicles - found in lymph nodes, thymus
These are the collections of lymphoid follicles in the DIGESTIVE TRACT
Tonsils are collectively known as
Tonsil found in the pharyn; "Adenoid"
1 Pharyngeal tonsil
Tonsils seen beside Eustachian tube
2 tubal tonsils
Tonsil between palatoglossus(ant pillar) and palatopharyngeus(post pillar)
2 palatine tonsils
Tonsil behind the tongue
1 lingual tonsil
What are the cells found on the surface of tonsils that traps microbes?
What immunoglobulins are found in the GIT?
What are the specialized non encapsulated tonsils found in the Submucosa of the Ileum?
Responsible for INITIAL phase of digestion and absorption
Oral cavity (lips to pharynx)
Found in saliva that helps the initial digestion of food or STARCH
What is the major site of amylase production?
Anterior pillar of fauces
Posterior pillar of fauces
Found between ant and post pillar of fauces; what separates the two
Isthmus of the fauces
Transitional line or junction between mucous membrane of lips and skin
Keratinized surface of tongue
Non keratinized surface of tongue
What do you call the condition wherein there is ABSENCE OF TONGUE PAPILLAE?
Bald tongue is associated with (4)
Any type of glossitis
Vit B9 deficiency
Most common type of anemia
Iron def anemia
Tx for iron def anemia
Aka food pipe or gullet
Lining of esophagus (protection from friction)
Non keratinized - stratified squamous
Other name for lower esophageal constrictors
Other term for GERD
Metaplastic change of lining of esophagus seen in patients with GERD
Lining of esophagus in pxs with GERD
From stratified squamous to simple columnar
- adapts to the acid reflux from stomach