27. Pharmacology V (Cardiovascular/Antibiotics/Antifungals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 27. Pharmacology V (Cardiovascular/Antibiotics/Antifungals Deck (97)
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1

Pacemaker of the heart
- loc: superior portion of Right atrium
- crista terminalis

Sinoatrial node

2

BQ: Which of the ffg is an anti arrythmic drug?

Quinidine

3

BQ: Antiarrythmic drug: ⬇️BP ⬆️💜fxn

Digitalis
(❤️”digdigdig”)

4

BQ: Betablocker + antiarrythmic
Contraindicated for pxs with ASTHMA

Propanolol

5

Local anesthetic + antiarrythmic

Lidocaine

6

BQ: antiseizure + antiarrythmia

Phenytoin

7

BQ: Antiarrythmic drugs ✨

Quinidine
Procainamide
Digitalis
Propanolol
Lidocaine
Phenytoin
Amiodarone~
Verapamil
Adenosine

8

(Dig-) and (-oside)

Glycosides

9

BQ: Drugs that increases efficiency of heart to contract
✅for CHF

Glycosides

10

BQ: Glycosides slash Diuretics (2)

Digitalis
Digoxin

11

Increases urine formation and urine elimination
✅For EDEMA - to reduce fluid
✅Hypertension - ⬇️BV by urination to ⬇️BP

Diuretics

12

BQ: Doc for “mild hypertension”

Benzothiazides

13

“mainstay of antihypertensive therapy”

Benzothiazides

14

BQ: Most potent diuretic drug

Loop diuretics (Furosemide)

15

Multiple classifications of DIGITALIS

DIGITALIS:
✅Antiarrythmic
✅Glycoside
✅Diuretic

16

Multiple Classifications of THEOPHYLLINE

THEOPHYLLINE:
✅xanthine
✅stimulant
✅diuretic

17

Multiple classifications of PROPANOLOL

PROPANOLOL:
✅beta blocker
✅anti arrythmic
✅anti hypertensive

18

Can reduce blood pressure by reducing blood volume

Diuretics

19

Ace inhibitors

Captopril

20

Angiotensin II receptor antagonist

Losartan

21

Calcium channel blockers

Nifedipine
Verapamil

22

Antianginal drugs administered inhalationally

Amyl nitrate

23

3 important chemicals used in formation of anticoagulants

Heparin
Coumarin
Indandiones

24

Most common vein involved in thromboembolism

Deep femoral vein

25

Anticoagulants

Aspirin
Heparin
Warfarin (Coumadin) from COUMARIN

26

Inhibits fxn of Vit K (⬇️Vit k dep CF: 2/7/9/10 = ⬆️clotting time)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

27

BQ: How to reverse effects of Warfarin resulting to ⬆️clotting time

Increase Vit K (IV)

28

Inhibits bacterial growth

Bacteriostatic

29

Kills bacteria by preventing formation of CELL WALL during CELL DIVISION

Bactericidal

30

Bactericidal antibiotics take effect during what phase of bacterial growth

Exponential or Log phase