14. Endocrine System I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14. Endocrine System I Deck (91)
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1

Aka Hypophysis or Master’s gland

Pituitary gland

2

Pituitary gland is found in:

Hypophyseal fossa of Sella turcica of SPHENOID BONE

3

Pituitary gland is controlled by:

Hypothalamus

4

Other name for Anterior pituitary gland

Adenohypophysis

5

Other name for posterior pituitary gland

Neurohypophysis

6

Connects pituitary gland to Hypothalamus

Infundibular stalk

7

Which is larger Anterior or Post pituitary gland?

Anterior

8

Adenohypophysis communicates with the hypothalamus via:

Hypophyseal portal system

9

Adenohypophysis secretes what hormones:

GP(A) : (B)FLAT

10

2 portal veins in the body

Liver : hepatic portal vein
Hypophysis

11

A vein towards a CAPILLARY (exception)

Portal vein

12

All veins are ____ heart

Towards the heart

13

All arteries are _____ heart

Away from the heart

14

Hormones secreted by Acidophiles or Alpha cells

“GP(A)”
Growth hormone
Prolactin

15

Other term for Growth hormone

Somatotropin

16

4 Effects of growth hormone

Chondrogenesis
Protein anabolism
Glycogenolysis
Lipolysis

17

Breakdown of glycogen into glucose

Glycogenolysis

18

Process of formation of proteins

Protein ANABOLISM

19

Breakdown of proteins

Protein CATABOLISM (cut)

20

Glycogenolysis happens during what state? What hormone?

Hypoglycemic state: GLUCAGON
- gly to glu = ^ blood sugar

21

4 Hormones produced during HYPOGLYCEMIC STATE

“GG EC”
Glucagon
Growth hormone
Epinephrine
Cortisol

22

Hormone involved during HYPERGLYCEMIA

Insulin only

23

Stimulates milk PRODUCTION in mammary gland

Prolactin

24

Hormones secreted by Basophiles or beta cells

“(B) FLAT”
FSH
LH
Adenocorticotropic hormone
TSH

25

Signals release of cortisol from adrenal gland

ACTH

26

Stimulates:
- Estrogen production (females)
- Androgen binding protein (males)
- Gametogenesis (both)

FSH

27

Stimulates:
- OVULATION
- formation of Corpus Luteum (f)
- testosterone production (males)

LH

28

Stimulates Zona fasciculata(adrenal cortex) to produce Cortisol

ACTH

29

Stress steroid hormone

Cortisol

30

Stimulates THYROID to produce T3 and T4

TSH