15. Endocrine System II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 15. Endocrine System II Deck (180)
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1

Low blood osmotic pressure has
Blood volume:
Solute:

Low blood osmotic pressure has
Blood volume: HIGH
Solute: LOW

2

Stimulates ADH secretion

High blood osmotic pressure
Reduce fluid intake
Excessive sweating
Diarrhea

3

Hormone responsible for Calcium reabsorption

Parathormone

4

Responsible for water reabsorption

Adh or vasopressin

5

Responsible for sodium reabsorption

Aldosterone

6

Deficiency of Antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin

Diabetes insipidus

7

2Ps of Diabetes Insipidus

Polyuria
Polydipsia

8

Shapes of thyroid gland

Butterfly shape or H shape gland

9

Largest endocrine gland

Thyroid gland

10

Connects L/R thyroid gland

Isthmus

11

Thyroid gland is located
Below the:
Just the level of:

Thyroid gland is located
Below the: thyroid cartilage
Just the level of: cricoid cartilage

12

Shape of the cricoid cartilage

Signet ring

13

Secretes major thyroid hormones

Follicular cells of the thyroid gland

14

MAIN hormones of thyroid gland

T3
T4

15

ALL hormones of thyroid gland

T3/T4
Calcitonin

16

Increases metabolic function of the body
Maintains body temperature

T3/T4

17

Normal body temperature

36.5-37C

18

Secretes calcitonin

Parafollicular cells of the thyroid

19

Decreases blood calcium levels

Calcitonin

20

Has opposite function of calcitonin

Parathyroid hormone

21

Blood calcium levels
Calcitonin (parafollicular cells) :
Parathyroid hormone (chief cells) :

Blood calcium levels
Calcitonin (parafollicular cells) : decreases
Parathyroid hormone (chief cells) : increases

22

Thin = excessive metabolic function
High body temp = heat intolerance
Moist skin
Exophthalmia

Hyperthyroidism

23

Most common cause of hyperthyroidism

Grave's disease

24

Another possible cause of hyperthyroidism

Plummer's disease

25

Drug contraindicated for hyperthyroidism

Epinephrine
- because it increases metabolic rate

26

Severe hyperthyroidism
Complication associated with Epinephrine

Thyroid storm or thyrotoxicosis

27

Anes that can be used with pxs with hyperthyroidism (without epi)

Mepivacaine

28

Characterized by thick, cold body, cold intolerant, dry skin

Hypothyroidism

29

Organ that uses iodine to function

Thyroid gland

30

Drugs for hyperthyroidism

Methimazole
Propylthiouracil (PTU)