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Flashcards in theories Deck (86)
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1

Psychodynamic


Psychoanalytic psychotherapy(Freud)
Analytic theory (Jung)
The neo-Freudians (adler)
The ego-analysis
Object-relations theorist

2

Psycho analytic psychotherapy

Freud
Personality theory
-I'd
-ego
-superego
@defense mechanisms

3

Undoing

Ritual to abolish the consequences of a previous action

4

Identification

Trying to act like another person that has been idealized

5

Conversion

Physical symptoms manifested from anxiety or emotional conflict

6

Introjection

Internalizing an imagined form of another person or object

7

Reaction-formation

Taking on traits that are opposite oF the individual's original unconscious trait

8

Putting disturbing thoughts on other feelings or wishes that are considered more positive

Displacement

9

Sublimation

Being disturbingly creative because creativity is acceptable though the desires and drives of creation are not

10

Techniques of psychoanalytic therapy

Free association
Transference/counter transference
Analyzing interpreting resistance
Ego analysis
Dream interpretation

11

Analytic Theory founder and fundamental belief

Jung believed that personality was not based completed on reducing anxiety but rather develops while striving for self relaization.

12

Analytic theory tenets

-Personality is made up of multiple structures and systems that interact.
-The psyche has 3 structures
-consciousness, personal unconscious, and the collecive unconscious
-Life goal in to achieve individuation when thinking, feeling, sensing an intuiting unify as the unconscious become conscious.

13

Analytic theory techniques

Word association tests
dream analysis
symptom analysis
life history

14

Individual Psychology founder and fundamental beliefs

Alfred Alder suggested that personality devleops and individuals attempt to overcome inadequate feelings

15

Individual Psychology tenants

-Feelings of inferiority come from perceived weaknesses during childhood.
-Unhealthy individuals are self-centered, competitive and power hungry, where healthy individuals strive for common good
-Influenced by birth order family atmosphere and constellation
-Mental diosrders are a mistaken style of life characterized by overcompensation, overemphasis on personal power and underdeveloped social interest

16

Techniques of Personal Pyschology

-Therapist client alliance
-lifestyle investigation
-reorient attitudes
-study of dreams
-interpretation of resistances and transferences
-role playing
-giving encouragement and advice

17

Neo-Freudians

K. Horney
H. S. Sullivan
E. Fromm

18

K. Horney

Parents behaviors and interpersonal relationship with child creates basic anxiety.

19

E S Sullivan

Protaxic, parataxic and syntaxic

20

Fromm

Maladaptive behavior is a result of society inhibiting people from fulfilling human nature

21

Neo-freudian techniques

-Therapist as participant observer
-interpretation and insight

22

Ego Analysts

Imbalance of Ego and Id creates pathology. Health behavior should be under conscious control.
A. Freud, H. Hartman, Ernst Kris, David Rapaport and Erik Erikson

23

Object Relations Theorists tenets

-Ego is whole at birth
-satisfying relationships with object (particularly mom) keep the ego intact
-Internalization is splitting the object into 3 parts (ideal/gratifying, rejecting/depriving, exciting/ enticing)
-Mahler develop 5 stages of development based on developing internal object relations through individuation and separation.

24

Object Relations Therapeutic techniques

An active role by therapist
assuming the role of the object is common

25

Humanistic Theory Tenets

-Must understand a persons experience
-Individuals are unique
-Focus is on here an now
-potential for self-actualization and self determination
-Therapy is authentic, collaborative, and egalitarian

26

Humanistic/Existential Therapies

Client-Centered
Gestalt
transactional analysis
existential therapy
reality therapy

27

Client Centered Therapy founder

Carl Rogers

28

Client Centere Therapy

All people desire to self-actualize. If there's incongruence between self and experience anxiety occurs. People use defense maneuvers to address anxiety. Defense maneuvers are counter to self actualization.

29

Client Centered Therapy Techniques

Therapist must provide unconditional positive regard, accurate empathetic understanding, and congruence to create right environment. Non-directive therapy. Clients are the expert of their own inner process

30

Gestalt Therapy founder

Fritz Perls