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Flashcards in Human Development and behavior Deck (28)
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1

Stages of Psychosexual Development

Freud
Oral- 0-12 months
Anal - 1-3 years
Phallic - 3-6 years
Latency - 6-12 years
Genital - 12 and up

2

Oral fixation - Psychosexual

Produces dependence, passivity, gullibility, sarcasm, or other oral fixations

3

Anal Fixation- psychosexual

Anal-Fixation lead to retentiveness, stinginess, selfishness, obsessive-compulsive behavior or anal expulsiveness(cruelty, messiness)

4

Phallic fixation - psychosexual

Phallic (3-6 years-Fixation produces a phallis character (seuxal exploitation of others)

5

Latent fixation

Emphasis on developing social skills instead of their sexuality

6

Genital stage

Sexuality becomes focus in mature genital love.

7

Erickson's stages of Psychosocial Development

Oral-Sensory (0-12 months)
Muscular-Anal (12-36 months)
Locomotor-Genital (3-6 years)
Latency (6-12 years)
Adolescence
Early Adulthood
MIddle Adulthood
Maturity

8

Ora-Sensory stage

Erickson
Conflict is trust v. mistrust. Significant relationship is with primary caretaker. If successfully masatered this leads to trust and optimism

9

Muscular-Anal

Erickson
Conflict is autonom versus shame. Significant relationship with parents. success leads to sef-assertion, self-control, feelings of adequacy

10

Locomotor-Genital

Erickson
Initiative v. Guilt. significant relationsihp is with the family. Successful mastery leads to a sense of initiative, purpose and directions

11

Latency

Erickson
Industry v. inferiority
relationships are with the school and neighborhood. leads to productivity and competent is physical, intellectual, and social skills

12

Adolescence

Erickson
ego identity v. role confusion
Significant relationships are with peers and leadership models
Mastery leads to integrated sense of self as a unique person.

13

Early adulthood

Erikson
intimacy v. isolation
Relationship are with partners in friendship and partner sex. Ability to form close personal relationships and make career commitments

14

Middle Adulthood

Erikson
generativity v. stagnation
relationships are with shared labor and household. mastery leads to concern for future generations

15

Maturity

Erickson
integrity v. despair
Relationship with mankind.
Mastery leads to sense of satisfaction and ability to face death without despair.

16

Kohlberg's stage fo Moral Deveopment

Level 1- Preconventional Morality (4-10 years)
Level 2- Conventional Morality (10-13 years)
Level 3 Postconventional Morality (adolescence to adulthood not reached by most adults)

17

Level 1 Preconventional Morality

Kohlberg
Stage 1-Punishment v. obedience orientation. Judgement is based on desire to avoid punishment
Stage 2- Instrumental -Relativist Orientation
Motivated by desire to satisfy own needs

18

Level 2 Conventional Morality

Kohlberg
Stage 3 Good Boy/Nice Girl Orientation
motivated by the desire to avoid dislike or disapproval by others
Stage 4 Law and order orientation
desire to avoid censure by a legitimate authority

19

Level 3 Post Conventional Morality

Kohlberg
Stage 5 Legalistic Orientation
desire to maintaining respect of equals, the community, maintaining social order, and obeying democratically determined laws.
Stage 6
Universal Ethical Principals Orientation
individuals own conscience is the only criterion for moral conduct.

20

Piaget's Theory of intellectual development

Sensory Motor (0-2 years)
Pre-operational (1.5-7 years)
Concrete Operational (7-11 years)
Formal Operational (11 years and older)

21

Sensory Motor Stage

Piaget
Schemas of action
assimilating incorporating new objects into existing schemas
Accommodating adjusting schemas to fit new objects
growth is categorized by adaptation to new situations leads to object permanence

22

Pre-operational Stage

Piaget
Meaning of objects can be manipulated, Schemas consist of symbolic units (pretend and item stands for something else) 2-4 years old in this pre-conceptual subphase. from 4-7 the child is in the intuitive subphase developing concepts of egocentrism, animism, centration, and irreversibility

23

Egocentrism (piaget)

cannot take another's perspective into account

24

Anamism (paiget)

Life to inanimate objects

25

centration (Piaget)

focusing on one aspect of an object or situation

26

irreversibility (Piaget)

Can't undo what's been done

27

Concrete Operational Stage

Piaget
mental representations of actions
conserve something maintains its volume/mass no matter what the shape or container
relational terms (darker, shorter, thinner)
Serialize arrange by shape and color

28

Formal operational

Piaget
Thinks abstractly and in relative terms, Can think hypotheticaly and can engage in deductive reasoning. Shows renewed egocentrism (self consciousness, self criticism, and self admiration).