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Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (14)
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1

Personality Disorders

Characterized by personality traits that have become so rigid and maladaptive that they cause personal distress or interfere significantly with social, or occupational functioning.

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Personality Disorders in DSM IV

3 clusters- Cluster A (odd or ecentric behaviors), Cluster B Dramatic, Emotional, or erractic behaviors), Cluster C (anxiety or fearfulness

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PD Cluster A

Paranoid Personality Disorders, Schziod Personality Disorders, Schizotypal Personality Disorder

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Paranoid Personality Disorder

Distrust and suspiciousness of others in that individuals believes that others intend to harm them.

5

Paranoid Personality Disorder - must have 4 symptoms

suspects others are exploiting or harming, unjustifiably doubtful that others are not trustworthy, reluctant to confide in others, thinks eery remark harmless or not is demeaning, holds grudges,overly susipiscious that spouse or partner is cheating.

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Schizoid PD

Does not seem to care about interpersonal relationships AND has limited emotional expression in social interaction

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Schizoid PD - must have four symptoms

Doesn't care about close relationships; will usually choose a individual acitivity, not impacted by praise or criticism; lack of desire for sexual relationships; Limited pleasure found in activities, seems cold or detached.

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Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Major inabilities to relate to others, extremely uncomfortable with close relationships AND strange thoughts, perceptions, or behaviors.

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Schizotypal Personality Disorder - must have 5 or more symptoms

Ideas of reference, odd beliefs or magical thinking, body illsions an dother unusal percptions, odd thinking and speech, suspiciousness, inappropriate or constricted affect, strange behavior and appearance, social axiety

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Cluster B PD

Antisocial Personalityh Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Histrionic Personality Disorder, narcissistic personality disorder

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Antisocial PD

Does not care about hte rights of others

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Antisocial PD - must be

At least 18 and a diagnosis of conduct disorder prior to 15.

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Histrionic PD

Dramatic emotions and attention seeking

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Histrionic PD - 5 syptoms must be present

Uncomfortable not being the center of attention, Often interactions are sexual or seductive, always changing shallow emotions, excessively impressionistic speech lacking detail, exaggerated emotions, easily influenced, interprets realationships to be more intimate than they are.