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Flashcards in Medications Deck (35)
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1

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Bond to receptor sites of nerve synapses and block reuptake of serotonin and norepinenephrine Otimum benefits in 2-3 weeks.

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Tricyclic Andtidepressant examples

Anafranil (trimipramine), Sinequan (doxepine), Elavil (amitriptyline) Pamelor (notriptyline), Tofranil (impramine), Vivctil (protriptyoine), Surmontil (trimipramine), Norpramine (desoraome), Asendin (amoxapine)

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Tricyclic Antidepressants Side Effects

Anticholinergic effects 9sweating, urinary retention, constipation, diarrhea) Cardiovascular effects (palpitations and tachycardia) Wieght gain, insomnia, sedation, confusion, disorientation, nausea, and libidinal changes

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MAO Inhibitors

thwart monoamine oxidase, an enzyme that breaks down neurotransmitters. Used to treat atypical depression involving anxiety, phonbia or hostility.

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MAO Inhibitors examples

Marplan (isacarboxazid), Parnate (tranylcypromine), Nardial (phenelzine)

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MAO Inhibitors side effects

Hypertensive crises, Anticholinergic effecgts Orthostatic hypotension, extrapyramidal effects (tremors) Edema, drowsiness

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Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

Increase serotonin levels in the brain

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SSRI examples

Zoloft (sertralline), Paxil (Paroxetine), Luvox (fluvoxamine), Prozac (fluoxetine)

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SSRI side effects

Anticholinergic Effects, nercousness, anxiety, nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss, tremors, seizures, headaches, dizziness

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Tetracyclic Antidepressants

closely resemble the tricyclic class, Used as a second or thrid line drug.

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Tetracyclic Antidepressant Examples

Ludiomil (maprotiline), Trazodone

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Tetracylclic Antidepressant side Effects

Seizures have occurs in individuals on high doses of tetracyclics.

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Mood Stabilizers

Treat Mania, bipolar disorder, convulsions and some seizure disorders. NO dependence associated

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Mood Stabilizer examples

Depakene (valproate), Lithane (lithium carbonate), Depakote (volproate), Teretol (carbamazepine), Eskalith (lithium carbonate)

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Mood Stabilizer Side Effects

Weakness, fine tremor in hands, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, weight gain.

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Medication for ADHD-Stimulants examples

NO Doz (caffine), Vivarin (caffeine), Ritalin (methlyphenidate), Cylert (pemoline), Caffedrine (caffine and ephedrine), Desoxyn (methamphetamine)

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Stimulant side effects

Nervousness, Insomnia, onset of tourettes disorder, anorexia (possible suppression of height and weight), Abdominal pain, stomach upset, headache, tearfulness, tachycardia

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Medication for ADHD - phenothiazines

Decrease motor activity

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Phenothiazines examples

Mellaril (thioridazine), thorazine (chlorpromazine)

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Phenothiazine side effects

Extrapyramidal symptoms, vission difficulties, possible tardive dyskinesia

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Anxiolytics

control moderate to sever anxiety

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Axiolytics - Benzodiazephines

potent hypnotic and sedative qualities. Long acting have higher risk for overdose, short acting may produce dependence

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Benzodiazephine Long acting examples

Librium (chlordiazepoxide), Valium (diazepamm), Dalmane (flurazepam hydrochloride), Tranxene (clorazeptane dipotassium)

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Benzodiazephine short acting examples

Xanax (alprazolam), Ativan (lorazepam), Klonopin (clonazepam), Serax (oxazepam)

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Axiolytics - Meprobamates

Have transquilizing properties

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Meprobamates examples

Meprospan, Miltown, Equanil

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Anxiolytics - anthisamines

Vistaril, Atarax, Buspar (busipirione)

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Axiolytics - beta blocker

Inderal

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Meprobamates side effects

Serious side effects now rarely used.

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Anti-pyschotics

Help improve concetration and self control. Block dopamine receptors in the brain. Don't cause dependence. Overdose is rarely lethal