Flashcards in middle ages (3) Deck (25)
person selling "medications" on the street
book of recipes on what to do for different injuries and ailments
monastaries in early middle ages
became repositories of learning
access to texts of antiquity
latin translations of the Arabic translations of original Greek texts- solidified old beliefs
Christian influences on healing in middle ages (4)
importance of healing the soul over the body, laying of hands, certain diseases became associated with God's punishment again, sin and sickness were "same thing"
What led to founding of hospitals?
Church's "charitable mission"- derived from poorhouses, hostels, etc.
western hospitals founded when?
~4th century CE
latin word for hospitals or curing of the sick
late middle ages-Papal power influenced medicine how?
forbade shedding of blood by clerics-to prevent them from leaving church to get paid for services, DID not ban dissection-but mostly criminals,
contemporary medical texts comprised mainly of what?
Galen works and other ancients- not much original work done during this time in Europe
what was the standardized medical learning text in middle ages?
by 500 CE- Galen cannon created- with many errors etc.- this gave rise to Galenism (library of Alexandria)
"little art of medicine" 11th CE- mostly Galen- turning point of revival of medicine- included Islamic and Byzantine works
belief that Galen had discovered all there was to know about medicine and healing
Two guys that contributed to Galenism
Oribasius and Paul of Aegina
3 Islamic men who contributed to middle age medicine
Avicenna, Johannitius, Rhazes
Medieval hospitals came from
Christian monasteries charitable example and Islamic example- evolved into large institutions
when did university based medical school begin? what did they learn from initially?
12-13th century- based education from Qanum by Avicenna and The Articella 10 years to become a doctor
13-14th century in Paris- guild of surgeons- started to require that members take exams and have certain qualifications
consequence of guilds and colleges
made medicine a distinct profession
late middle ages- possibly originated in Asia- killed 25% of European population
same name likely used to multiple skin diseases, "unclean" in biblical stories, thought to be spread through sex
charitable institutions built for those with leprosy
associated with phases of the moon, witchcraft, -Galen described them as humoural inbalances
in London-hospital for mentally ill starting in 1247