middle ages (3) Flashcards Preview

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1

Quacksalver

person selling "medications" on the street

2

Leechbook

book of recipes on what to do for different injuries and ailments

3

monastaries in early middle ages

became repositories of learning

4

access to texts of antiquity

latin translations of the Arabic translations of original Greek texts- solidified old beliefs

5

Christian influences on healing in middle ages (4)

importance of healing the soul over the body, laying of hands, certain diseases became associated with God's punishment again, sin and sickness were "same thing"

6

What led to founding of hospitals?

Church's "charitable mission"- derived from poorhouses, hostels, etc.

7

western hospitals founded when?

~4th century CE

8

Nosokomia

latin word for hospitals or curing of the sick

9

late middle ages-Papal power influenced medicine how?

forbade shedding of blood by clerics-to prevent them from leaving church to get paid for services, DID not ban dissection-but mostly criminals,

10

contemporary medical texts comprised mainly of what?

Galen works and other ancients- not much original work done during this time in Europe

11

what was the standardized medical learning text in middle ages?

by 500 CE- Galen cannon created- with many errors etc.- this gave rise to Galenism (library of Alexandria)

12

"The Articella"

"little art of medicine" 11th CE- mostly Galen- turning point of revival of medicine- included Islamic and Byzantine works

13

Galenism

belief that Galen had discovered all there was to know about medicine and healing

14

Two guys that contributed to Galenism

Oribasius and Paul of Aegina

15

3 Islamic men who contributed to middle age medicine

Avicenna, Johannitius, Rhazes

16

Medieval hospitals came from

Christian monasteries charitable example and Islamic example- evolved into large institutions

17

when did university based medical school begin? what did they learn from initially?

12-13th century- based education from Qanum by Avicenna and The Articella 10 years to become a doctor

18

Medical Guild

13-14th century in Paris- guild of surgeons- started to require that members take exams and have certain qualifications

19

consequence of guilds and colleges

made medicine a distinct profession

20

bubonic plague

late middle ages- possibly originated in Asia- killed 25% of European population

21

leprosy

same name likely used to multiple skin diseases, "unclean" in biblical stories, thought to be spread through sex

22

leprosaria

charitable institutions built for those with leprosy

23

insanity

associated with phases of the moon, witchcraft, -Galen described them as humoural inbalances

24

Bedlam

in London-hospital for mentally ill starting in 1247

25

Wandering womb

womb makes you crazy because it moves all over your body- anatomy considered imperfect - males implant their seed and women are just a vessel for growth
hysteria!