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Flashcards in AT Still (10) Deck (39)
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1

Marcus Ward

early graduate of AT Still school- started his own school "the COlumbian School of Osteopathy"-failed

2

Daniel David Palmer

founder of Chiropractic medicine- after visiting Still's school

3

1828

A.T. Still is born in Jonesville, VA

4

A.T. Still's parents

Abram and Martha

5

"sons of thunder"

American methodist preachers "fire and brimstone"

6

"bleeding Kansas" -- Still family involvement

Still family moved to Kansas with 50 other abolitionist families--

7

Baker University

Still family founded this

8

1859

Still's first wife, Mary Margaret, dies- leave 4 children behind

9

1860

remarried to Mary Elvira

10

1861

Still enlisted in Kansas Calvary- served as a steward and said it "disgusted" him -- later in Kansas militia twice

11

Most common cause of death in 19th century?

infectious disease- smallpox, cholera, typhoid, malaria

12

19th century medical practice

'heroic medicine'- bleeding and purging--> helped few

13

mesmerism

magnetic healing that was popular in 19th century-imbalance of invisible magnetic fluid in the body cause disease

14

1864

Still's three kids from first wife die of spinal meningitis

15

Thomsonians

advocated against state licensing for doctors-later became eclectics and only used botanicals

16

homeopathy

samuel Hahnemann- like cures like- drugs given in small doses (ineffective)

17

Sylvester Graham

live by nature's laws (regimen)- NO MEDICINE- cold water baths -called Grahamite colonies- there was one near where Still lived

18

hydropathy

cold water baths proposed by Grahamites

19

Franz Mesmer

started mesmerism- found to be fraud- then developed in America

20

"magnetic healers"

used mesmerism techniques

21

mesmerism developed into...

hypnosis 19th century

22

spiritualism

belief that people can contact the dead- many did this because of great loss during this time and this was comfort --Still believed in this!

23

"The Great Harmonia"

Andrew Jackson Davis- combined healing and the spirit world-- body as a machine, healing with hands, free flow of the "spirit" fluid, harmony of the body parts

24

Phrenology

reading shapes on the head to determine development of parts of the brain, character analysis

25

Bonesetting

non-physicians -skills passed down in families (Sweets and Taylors) fixed dislocations, fractures, painful joints

26

"lightning bonesetter"

A.T. Still called himself this in 1880's

27

Herbert Spencer

coined term "evolution"-wrote book based on Darwin called "First Principles"

28

major philosophical influences on Still

Mesmerism, bonesetting, spiritualism and (possibly) evolution

29

Still ex-communicated from Methodist church why?

spiritualism

30

A.T. Still's brothers

Edward and James