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1

what is duality of human existence and who coined this?

separation of body (tangible/mortal) and mind (soul-immortal and intangible)--> quantifiable vs inquantifiable- Renee Descartes

2

cogito ero sum

I think therefore I am- descartes

3

Who wrote "discourse on the method of rightly conducting the reason and seeking truth in the sciences"?

Descartes

4

Renee Descartes

set the tone for coming scientific age - math and science can explain everything - dualism of human existence - believed medicine was key to the natural world

5

Francis Bacon developed

inductive reasoning- different than Aristotle's deductive reasoning- took observations and tried to find statements (scientific method)

6

Francis Bacon wrote that new science must proceed from (4)- this led to what?

observations, natural histories, carefully planned experiments, encouraged collective and cooperative investigation,--> this all led to the "scientific method"

7

Royal Society of London

Robert Boyle, Wren-->1660- advocated inductive reasoning- critical of Galenic medicine and Aristotelian science --driving force of new science

8

Academie Royale du Sciences

1666- King Louis XIV- followed Descartes' mechanical philosophy

9

Isaac Newton

calculus, Royal Society member then president of Royal Society-

10

who invented the microscope?

Hooke

11

Robert Boyle

-rich natural philosopher- used vacuum chamber experiment to determine that air was necessary for life, combustion, and sound--also interested in blood and it's function --with assistant Robert Hooke
Boyle's Law-> PV=k

12

Van Leeuwenhoek

Netherlands- no real training- made better microscope- animacules in water -fellow of British Royal Society

13

William Harvey

MD- studied under the discoverer of the venous valve (Fabricius) -first in Europe to describe circulation of blood

14

who wrote de Motu Cordis?

William Harvey- criticism from Galenics

15

who was the "English Hippocrates?"

Thomas Sydenham- believed diseases were specific entities- wanted to find specific therapies for each one

16

who was considered the "greatest physician in Europe" during the enlightenment?

Herman Boerhaave

17

Boerhaave accomplishments?

popularized teaching hospitals- understood body as a mechanism-used post mortem exams to determine illness-use of thermometer-magnifying lens in clinical assessment

18

What is Boerhaave's syndrome?

esophageal rupture from violent vomiting