Flashcards in Pre enlightenment (6) Deck (18)
what is duality of human existence and who coined this?
separation of body (tangible/mortal) and mind (soul-immortal and intangible)--> quantifiable vs inquantifiable- Renee Descartes
cogito ero sum
I think therefore I am- descartes
Who wrote "discourse on the method of rightly conducting the reason and seeking truth in the sciences"?
set the tone for coming scientific age - math and science can explain everything - dualism of human existence - believed medicine was key to the natural world
Francis Bacon developed
inductive reasoning- different than Aristotle's deductive reasoning- took observations and tried to find statements (scientific method)
Francis Bacon wrote that new science must proceed from (4)- this led to what?
observations, natural histories, carefully planned experiments, encouraged collective and cooperative investigation,--> this all led to the "scientific method"
Royal Society of London
Robert Boyle, Wren-->1660- advocated inductive reasoning- critical of Galenic medicine and Aristotelian science --driving force of new science
Academie Royale du Sciences
1666- King Louis XIV- followed Descartes' mechanical philosophy
calculus, Royal Society member then president of Royal Society-
who invented the microscope?
-rich natural philosopher- used vacuum chamber experiment to determine that air was necessary for life, combustion, and sound--also interested in blood and it's function --with assistant Robert Hooke
Boyle's Law-> PV=k
Netherlands- no real training- made better microscope- animacules in water -fellow of British Royal Society
MD- studied under the discoverer of the venous valve (Fabricius) -first in Europe to describe circulation of blood
who wrote de Motu Cordis?
William Harvey- criticism from Galenics
who was the "English Hippocrates?"
Thomas Sydenham- believed diseases were specific entities- wanted to find specific therapies for each one
who was considered the "greatest physician in Europe" during the enlightenment?
popularized teaching hospitals- understood body as a mechanism-used post mortem exams to determine illness-use of thermometer-magnifying lens in clinical assessment