Flashcards in Eastern Medicine (2) Deck (24)
4 qualities of good Ayurvedic physician
theoretical knowledge, clarity of reasoning, wide clinical experience, personal skill
the "science" or "knowledge" of life
arose in Indian antiquity from Lord Brahma, still practiced today in India and Sri Lanka
Two important Ayurveda Texts
Susruta samhita and Charaka samhita- recognize and calssify ~1200 diseases
Human dissection and Ayurveda
Hinduism prohibits cutting the dead, Susruta recommended soaking body then pulling skin off with feather
several authors-importance on prevention, also describes many drugs made from plants, minerals, and animals -300 BCE- first to describe digestion, metabolism, and immunity
Three Dosha- what are they and what are they from?
From Charaka samhita- body functions as a result of these three functions:
-similar to humours from the Greeks
according to the Dosha, illness is caused by what?
imbalance of the three dosha (movement, transformations, and/or lubrication/stability
Ayurvedic healers were traditionally___
Brahmin (priestly) caste
very adept, doing this before europeans, C-sections, rhinoplasty, cataracts, amputations, etc.
8 branches of Ayurvedic medicine
internal medicine, surgery, ENT and eyes, pediatrics, toxicology, purification of genetic organs, health and longetivity, spiritual healing/psychiatry
Core beliefs of ancient Chinese medicine (4)
unity of nature, yin-yang dualism and balance, theory of the 5 phases, theory of systematic correspondences
what is the "Nei Ching"
"the Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor"- book that most ancient Chinese medicine is based upon - written by Qi Bo and Emperor Huang-ti
What is the "Mo Ching"
The Pulse classic- information about pulse- highly valued in ancient Chinese medicine- sphygmology
Anatomy in Ancient Chinese medicine
base on dynamic interplay-described organs based on perceived function-some that don't even exist
Chinese and venisection
Chinese medicine- disease caused by what
imbalance of yin and yang
Chinese medicine- how to treat disease (5)
curing spirit-living in harmony with the universe
treatment of the bowel, viscera, blood, and breath
Yin elements (7)
dark element, feminine, passive, downward-seeking, corresponds to night, water, earth
Yang elements (7)
bright element, light, day, masculine, upward-seeking, fire, wind
How do yin and yang relate?
complementary opposites- not absolute opposites- kept in balance, not static
Basics of acupuncture
12 meridians, 365 acupuncture points, purges energy, restores yin/yang harmony, empiric and often effective
what is moxa?
using heated wormwood or mugwort on skin or needle during acunpucture