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Flashcards in beginnings of medicine (1) Deck (25)
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1

Imhotep

ancestor to modern physicians-polymath-later deified

2

Georg Ebers Papyrus

most important and oldest surviving "medical text"-

3

Mycenean Era

traded with Egypt so knew their medical stuff-shamanic healers and Gods caused illnesses

4

Athenian plaque

killed thousands-cost them war against Sparta

5

Asclepiads

people claiming heritage to Asclepius

6

Asclepius

son of Apollo "blameless physician"

7

Asclepions

temples of healing

8

Epidouros

most celebrated Asclepion

9

Empedocles

postulated 4 elements "earth, fire, wind, water"= roots

10

Almaceon

first suggested health was balance of humours - possible first human dissection-described optic nerve

11

Hippocrates

"father of medicine" in western tradition- professionalism, discipline, rigorous practice, careful observations, records

12

primum non nocere

first do no harm - hippocrates

13

Corpus Hippocraticum

rational explanations for body and health -rejected that Gods caused illness, etc. -many authors -observation over theory

14

4 humours

yellow bile- summer , black bile = fall, blood= spring, phlegm = winter

15

Hippocratic regimen included (5)

diet, exercise, sleep, athletics, right living to alter disease process

16

hippocratic diagnosis

taking the patient's history

17

hippocratic medicine placed emphasis on (2)

prognosis (the look of dying) and expectative therapy (healing power of nature)

18

hippocratic medicine disapproved of (2)

heroic intervention, risky procedures

19

Alexndria

founded by Ptolemy- center of learning and medicine

20

Herophilus (5)

Greek founder of Alexandria medical school- dissected humans - nerves caused movement -first to study pulse - arteries contained blood

21

Erasistratus (6)

also founded Alexandria medical school -called body a machine -cadavers=mummies -denied teleology -valves of heart -heart=pump

22

Medici

physicians in Roman times -mainly slaves

23

valetudinaria

sort of like a hospital -only on wealthy estates or for the military (Roman times)

24

Galen

most influential of the ancients -physician to gladiators and emperors -anatomy based on animals -got much wrong

25

Galen therapeutics (5)

venisection, some surgery, mainly regimen, rejected magical/spiritual care -mind/body linky