History to now (13) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History to now (13) Deck (15)
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1

Paul Ehrlich

helped found modern chemotherapy- prepared Salvarson=specific for syphilis treatment-won nobel prize

2

Sahachiro Hata

worked with Ehrlich on chemotherapy and Salvarson-did not get recognition

3

Gerhard Domagk

discovered that active ingredient in Prontosil fought strep-> first sulfanilamide (sulfa) drug- won nobel prize

4

Prontosil

first sulfa drug discovered- fought streptococci

5

Alexander Fleming

first discovered Penicillium mold could kill streptococci (did this by accident)- nobel prize later in 1945

6

Howard Florey

isolated Penicillin (from Fleming's work) shared nobel prize with Fleming

7

Selman Waksman

discovered streptomycin (first TB drug) -coined the term antibiotics - nobel prize winner 1952 (his assistant, Shatz, probably truly discovered it)

8

who coined the term "antibiotics"?

Selman Waksman

9

Werner Forssman

self catheterizes his own arm- proved it could be done

10

The modern disease of the 20th century

cancer

11

How cancer treatment evolved in 20th century

surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy,

12

nitrates use in medicine how?

vasodilators

13

Diuretics

came out of sulfa drugs

14

James Black

developed beta blockers for adrenergic effects on the heart

15

Andreas Gruentzig

developed human coronary balloon angioplasty