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Flashcards in Enlightenment (7) Deck (24)
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1

"father of anatomical pathology"

Giovanni Battista Morgagni- originally a prosector (cut bodies for anatomists)

2

Who wrote "the seats and causes of diseases"

Morgagni- made pathologic anatomy into science

3

"founder of modern physiology"

Albretch Von Haller

4

Albrecht Von Haller

Swiss- studied botany and physiology- wrote Elements of Physiology of the Human Body ---appointed chair of many things at University of Gottingen

5

who wrote "elements of physiology of the human body" ?

Von Haller

6

who was the first to describe percussion as diagnostic tool?

Leopold Auenbrugger

7

who wrote "Inventum Novum ex Percussione Thoracis Humani Interni Pectoris Morbos Detegendi " ?

Auenbrugger

8

what does fremitus mean?

vibration during palpation

9

William Hunter

older hunter brother- anatomist and obstetric- built famous anatomy theater with brother john

10

Who wrote "Anatomia uteri humani gravidi "?

William Hunter

11

Leicester Square

anatomy theater built by Hunter brothers in london

12

John Hunter

served as assistant to William
-graverobber
-obtained David Byrne's body (7'7" giant )

13

John Hunter 7 contributions to medicine

-fetal/ maternal blood supplies separate -study of inflammation -study/self administration of venereal disease -work on gunshot wounds during military time -verified fats are absorbed into lacteals -first complete study of childhood development -unraveled lymphatic system

14

“Upon the muscular efficacy of the heart depends life itself.”

Corvisart

15

who was called the "first heart specialist" ?

Jean Nicolas Corvisart

16

Jean Nicolas Corvisart

-translated/illustrated Auenbrugger's work - advocate of percussion -Napoleon's physician

17

Who wrote "“An Essay on the Organic Diseases and Lesions of the Heart and Great Vessels”

Corvisart

18

who invented the stethoscope

Rene Laennec

19

Rene Laennec

invented stethoscope, named cirrhosis, first to lecture on melanoma- first to describe sounds like rales/rhonchi/egophony/crepitance (sounds with pathology)

20

Pioneer of smallpox vaccine?

Edward Jenner

21

Jenner's main contribution

demonstrated efficacy of vaccination

22

who wrote “An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of Variolae Vaccinae” ?

Edward Jenner

23

Benjamin Rush

Founding father - physician, anatomist -proponent of "heroic medicine" (purging/venesection) - hypertension was key to diseases

24

"the American Hippocrates"

Benjamin Rush