islamic medicine (4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in islamic medicine (4) Deck (14)
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1

middle eastern folk medicine characterized by

magical beliefs in animism, amulets, incantations, charms

2

jinn

the evil eye that makes a person sick- amulets to protect against this

3

folk roots came from

europe, byzantines, persia, india, egypt- blood letting, leeching, cupping- -

4

Bayt al-Hikma

"house of wisdom" established in 9th century with rise of "learned medicine"

5

Madrasas

institutions of religious learning- developed medical curriculum similar to the way monasteries did

6

Johannitius

9th century- Arab Christian- translated Greek works Arabic and Syriac- Ran the Bayt al-Hikma in Baghdad starting in late 9th century- wrote 'Medical Questions" which was later used in the Articella

7

Rhazes

director of first great hospital in Baghdad 901 "Greatest clinician of Islamic world"-hippocratic - first to differentiate types of fevers and different measles from smallpox

8

"Al-Mansuri"

Rhazes wrote this- "ten treatises on medical aspects" influential into the 16th century

9

Avicenna

"Islamic Galen" -wrote 450 treatises -physician to king-

10

Kitab al-Qanun

Avicenna wrote- first philosphy wrote in Arabic- systematized Hippocrates, Galen, Arabic, and others
-hypothesized microorganisms, standards for drug testing, discussed contagions and STD's

11

Maimonides

Jewish-lived in north Africa- practiced Hippocrates/Galen- "may I never see in the patient anything but a fellow creature in pain" -translated arabic to hebrew

12

Islamic hospital origins

Christian hospitality for ill at monestaries plus Muhammad's belief of providing visits of comfort and hope to the sick

13

Bimarisitan

hospitals (translated-place for sick people) first in Baghdad 805- many had med schools associated with them
-became models for later european hospitals
-provided clean water, separate housing for genders and different ailments, pharmacy, kitchen, etc.

14

Mansuri hospital

major Cairo hospital from 1200's-16th century- music therapy ward for psych