Injectable Anaesthetics: Dissociative anaesthetics and Neuroleptanalgesics Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Nursing Anaesthesia and Analgesia > Injectable Anaesthetics: Dissociative anaesthetics and Neuroleptanalgesics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Injectable Anaesthetics: Dissociative anaesthetics and Neuroleptanalgesics Deck (17)
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1

What kind of anaesthetic drug is ketamine

Dissociative anaesthethic

2

How can ketamine be administered? (name 3 routes)

I/V
I/M
S/C
I/P
Absorbed sublingually

3

What is the negative associated with I/M administration

Painful

4

What effects are caused when ketamine is used?

- eyes remain open
- pupils dilate
- airway reflexes maintained
- Cranial nerve reflexes are less depressed
- Heart rate increases
- BP maintained
- Breathing moderately reduced
- Salivation increased

5

Why is ocular lubrication required when using ketamine?

Eyes remain open

6

What animal is ketamine commonly used for?

- Cats

7

What is ketamine usually combined with?

- Sedative drug e.g. Alpha 2

8

When is ketamine used in dogs?

- Aggressive dogs that are going to be euthanised
Must be combined with another drug

9

What schedule is ketamine?

schedule 2

10

How must ketamine be stored?

Locked cupboard and register use

11

Name a negative associated with ketamine

Poor muscle relaxation
I/M injection painful
Can cause drying/ulcers of the eyes if not lubricated
Salivation increases

12

What are neuroleptanalgesics?

Tranquilisers combined with analgesic EG

13

Why are ketamine mixtures used?

to reduce muscle hypertonicity

14

What are opioid mixtures usually combined with

Neurolepts e.g. ACP

15

What kind of animals are opioid mixtures commonly used on?

small furries

16

Name 2 drugs for Ketamine mixtures

- ACP
- Diazepam
- Xylazine
- Medetomidine

17

what is hypnorm?

opioid mixture
fentanyl/fluanisone