Flashcards in Injectable Anaesthetics: Dissociative anaesthetics and Neuroleptanalgesics Deck (17)
What kind of anaesthetic drug is ketamine
How can ketamine be administered? (name 3 routes)
What is the negative associated with I/M administration
What effects are caused when ketamine is used?
- eyes remain open
- pupils dilate
- airway reflexes maintained
- Cranial nerve reflexes are less depressed
- Heart rate increases
- BP maintained
- Breathing moderately reduced
- Salivation increased
Why is ocular lubrication required when using ketamine?
Eyes remain open
What animal is ketamine commonly used for?
What is ketamine usually combined with?
- Sedative drug e.g. Alpha 2
When is ketamine used in dogs?
- Aggressive dogs that are going to be euthanised
Must be combined with another drug
What schedule is ketamine?
How must ketamine be stored?
Locked cupboard and register use
Name a negative associated with ketamine
Poor muscle relaxation
I/M injection painful
Can cause drying/ulcers of the eyes if not lubricated
What are neuroleptanalgesics?
Tranquilisers combined with analgesic EG
Why are ketamine mixtures used?
to reduce muscle hypertonicity
What are opioid mixtures usually combined with
Neurolepts e.g. ACP
What kind of animals are opioid mixtures commonly used on?
Name 2 drugs for Ketamine mixtures