Anaesthetic Emergencies: Cardiac arrest Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anaesthetic Emergencies: Cardiac arrest Deck (9)
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Name 5 warning signs of cardiac arrest

- No heartbeat can be asculated, palpated or seen on ECG/ultrasound
- No palpable arterial pulse
- MMs grey or cyanotic
- CRT prolonged
- Pupils widely dilated with no palbebral reflex
- Respiration absent except with chenye stokes respiration
- Agonal gasping (shuddering in-cordinated moving of the abdomen and thorax)


Name 3 causes of cardiac arrest

- Underlying cardiovascular disease
- Anaaesthetic overdose
- Other systemic disease
- Occasionally human error


What do you do if a patient goes into cardiac arrest?

- Notify vs / get help
- Begin compressions ASAP
- Intubate patient if not already intubated
- Check for pulse every 2 minutes
- Drugs and IV fluids e.g. adrenaline
- Keep patient warm
- Defibrillator?


What does CBA stand for?

Compressions, breathing, airway


At what rate should you give compressions?

100-120 bmp in 2 minute cycles
OR if on your own 30 compressions then 2 breathes


After what period of time is it very unlikely the patient will recover?

15 minutes


Where do you give compressions?

- animal on its side
- Heal of hand at 5th intercoastal space


How do you compress small dogs / cats

thumb and fingers


How deeply do you compress?

1/3-1/2 width of chest