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Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

What are the three main types of risk assessment relevant to incidents and operational training activities?

  • Generic risk assessments (GRA)
  • Locally produced risk assessments

  • Dynamic risk assessment (DRA)

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

Whether to proceed with an activity is dependant upon the likely benefits to be gained. In a highly calculated manner, operational personnel will/may what?


• will take some risk to save saveable lives;

• may take some risk to save saveable property;

• will not take any risk to save lives or properties that are already lost.

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

Define the safe person concept

"The right person, doing the right job, with the right equipment, at the right time"

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

The safe person concept:

All operational personnel must be able to...



identify hazards;

evaluate risks;

• select SSoW;

• implement action to eliminate or control risk; and

evaluate how effective that action is.

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

The process of DRA is completed by undertaking which five sequential steps?

(a) Evaluation of the situation, task and persons at risk;

(b) Select SSoW;

(c) Assess the chosen systems of work;

(d) Introduce additional control measures; and

(e) Reassess systems of work (SSoW) and additional control measures.

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

When creating a tactical plan or strategy ICs must consider which 7 things?

• whether there is a need to take any action at all considering the benefit to be gained;

• the speed and weight of attack;

• the hazards and risks that can be reasonably foreseen and assessed;

• the skills of the personnel and the equipment available to them;

• the capabilities and limitations of personnel and equipment;

• whether all of the above fits a planned scenario or could be reasonably adapted to the circumstances; and

• Implementing and maintaining a safe system of work (SSoW).

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

Situations where the use of operational discretion may be appropriate include...


(a) rescue a saveable life in the circumstances where implementation of the full policy would lead to an unjustifiable delay, resulting in the potential for greater injury or lives being lost;

(b) tackle a known small fire through a pre-emptive strike, where the adherence to policy would lead to delay and thereby create higher levels of risk for firefighters to extinguish a fully developed fire; and

(c) where no action by the Authority may cause the public to place themselves at risk and therefore escalate the incident (e.g., child in a lake).


Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

Give an example of a priority message that must be sent where operational discretion is exercised.


Where operational discretion is exercised a priority message describing the situation and actions being taken must be sent.

Example priority message: "From ….. at …… operational discretion in use, one firefighter entered canal to rescue child, TMO".

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

Who will be informed when an ops discretion message is sent?


This will inform monitoring officers the Operational Review Team (ORT) and other resources attending or monitoring, enabling them to offer additional support and guidance and start the evaluation process. A Senior Accident Investigator (SAI) will also be informed

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

What are the 2 possible outcomes following implementation of Operational Discretion?


• The actions were justifiable and reasonable as the situation was unforeseeable and extant policy/SOP was not in place to achieve the desired outcome; or,

• The actions were unjustifiable as the situation was foreseeable and extant policy/SOP would have provided a SSoW to achieve the desired outcome.

Dynamic Risk Assessment - PN 0342

Topics to be discussed during post incident reviews (PRO, PRC)should include:



• the accuracy of the risk assessment;

• the effectiveness of operational policies and equipment;

• the success of the strategies or tactics applied;

• the appropriateness of the strategies and tactics employed;

• the level of knowledge and skills demonstrated by teams and individuals;

• the effectiveness of SSoW;

• the reasons why a modified system of work was successful;

• identification of unforeseen hazards or risks; and

• application of operational discretion - reasons for deviating from planned system of work.